Autor Wątek: Pierwszy Amerykanin na orbicie (John Glenn) - w kosmosie 36 lat później  (Przeczytany 2042 razy)

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Offline Hermes

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Witam,

  historia lotu pierwszego amerykańskiego astronauty, który w 1962 roku okrążył Ziemię (3 razy) - Johna Glenna jest znana i nie będę tu dublował znanych faktów (a może ktoś to poda ?).

  Jest obecnie najstarszym człowiekiem, który poleciał w kosmos - po raz drugi ponad 36 lat później, na przełomie października i listopada 1998 roku, na pokładzie promu "Discovery". Miał wtedy 77 lat !!  :o
  Jako ciekawostkę dodam, że przydzielono mu funkcję "specjalisty ładunku", a tym ładunkiem był... on sam...  Wykonywał na sobie wiele eksperymentów medycznych. O ile wiem, zniósł tę podróż lepiej, niż sądzili niektórzy pesymiści w NASA.

  Nasza prasa informowała o tym locie stosunkowo obszernie.  Oto dwa zdjęcia - reprodukcje "Życia Warszawy" informującego o początku wyprawy Johna Glenna:

Offline Orionid

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A dziś mija 55 lat od pierwszego lotu Amerykanina na orbitę. Tylko dziś jest to pierwsza rocznica, której John Glenn nie świętuje.

'Zero-G and I Feel Fine': Remembering John Glenn's Mercury Flight
By Ben Evans February 18th, 2017


John Glenn inspects the logo for his craft, Friendship 7. Photo Credit: NASA

“The Atlas’ thrust was barely enough to overcome its weight,” he wrote in his autobiography, John Glenn: A Memoir. “I wasn’t really off until the umbilical cord that took electrical communications to the base of the rocket pulled loose. That was my last connection with Earth. It took the two boosters and the sustainer engine three seconds of fire and thunder to lift the thing that far. From where I sat, the rise seemed ponderous and stately, as if the rocket were an elephant trying to become a ballerina.” For the first few seconds, the Atlas climbed straight up, before its automatic guidance system placed it carefully onto a north-easterly heading; a transition which Glenn found noticeably “bumpy”. By 9:52 a.m.—barely five minutes after liftoff—the mission was “through the gates” and Glenn was heading smoothly towards low-Earth orbit.

część 1 http://www.americaspace.com/2017/02/18/zero-g-and-i-feel-fine-remembering-john-glenns-mercury-flight-part-1/

“I could hear gurgling sounds almost immediately,” Glenn said of his first few seconds back on Earth. “After it listed over to the right and then to the left, the capsule righted itself and I could find no traces of any leaks.” He released his straps and shoulder harness, removed his helmet, and put up his neck dam. He was sweating profusely, as physicians would later determine, and despite the open snorkels in Friendship 7’s hull, the humid air offered little respite. When the Noa arrived, he glanced through the window—coated with a smoky film from re-entry—and saw a deck full of sailors, so high in number that he asked the destroyer’s captain if anyone was actually running the ship!

Within minutes, Friendship 7 had been winched aboard and, after obtaining clearance from the bridge, Glenn detonated the hatch. He received two skinned knuckles, through his pressure suit gloves, as the plunger snapped back.

According to physicians Robert Mulin and Gene McIver, Glenn was fatigued, sweating and dehydrated; his only water intake had been from the apple sauce pouch, although his urine collector was full. After drinking water and showering, he became more talkative. He debriefed into a tape recorder aboard the Noa, before being flown to the Randolph for X-rays and an electrocardiogram and, later that evening, to Grand Turk Island for a welcoming committee of astronauts, physicians and NASA officials.

When asked by psychiatrist George Ruff if there had been any unusual activity during his mission, Glenn replied, “No … just a normal day in space!”


część 2 http://www.americaspace.com/2017/02/19/just-a-normal-day-remembering-john-glenns-mercury-flight-part-2/
http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=494.0
http://lk.astronautilus.pl/loty/m6.htm
« Ostatnia zmiana: Luty 21, 2017, 00:08 wysłana przez Orionid »

Offline Orionid

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19 października minęło 19 lat od powrotu Johna Glenna na orbitę wokółziemską.

'As Exciting As It Gets': Remembering John Glenn's Return to Space
By Ben Evans October 29th, 2017


President Bill Clinton introduces the STS-95 crew, including John Glenn, at a press conference at the Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston, Texas, in April 1998. Photo Credit: NASA

At a follow-up meeting with Dan Goldin—and carrying his medical results in hand—Glenn reiterated his interest. This time, Goldin took serious notice of his words and gave Glenn two conditions: first, that his mission should be scientifically valuable, and second, that he should be able to pass all of the exams required by active-duty astronauts, many of whom were half his age. In John Glenn: A Memoir, Glenn stressed that his wife, Annie, and grown children were unhappy with the notion of him venturing into the cosmos again. (Annie’s initial response was “Over my dead body!”) However, it was turning inexorably from a dream into a reality. “Back in Washington, on 15 January 1998,” Glenn wrote, “an aide interrupted a meeting with the word that I had a phone call.” It was Dan Goldin. “You’re the most persistent man I’ve ever met,” said the administrator. “You’ve passed all your physicals, the science is good and we’ve called a news conference tomorrow to announce that John Glenn’s going back into space!”

http://www.americaspace.com/2017/10/29/as-exciting-as-it-gets-remembering-john-glenns-return-to-space/

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=14-3HT9NGXM" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=14-3HT9NGXM</a>

Link do materiału: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=14-3HT9NGXM

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ma2wpeSaUL8" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ma2wpeSaUL8</a>

Link do materiału: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ma2wpeSaUL8

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3PNhUjNlGgw" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3PNhUjNlGgw</a>

Link do materiału: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3PNhUjNlGgw

Wątek poświęcony astronaucie: http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=494.0

Offline Orionid

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Dziś mija 56 lat od pierwszego lotu Friendship 7 z Johnem Glennem na pokładzie.
Destination: History
Feb. 20, 2018



On Feb. 20, 1962, John Glenn made history by becoming the first U.S. astronaut to orbit the place we call home--planet Earth. This fish-eye view shows him ingressing Friendship 7, the Mercury-Atlas 6 spacecraft, during the last part of the countdown into history.

Image Credit: NASA
https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/destination-history

56 years ago John Glenn said, 'Boy, that was a real fireball ride'
Cheryl Vari, cvari@cincinnati.com Published 9:52 a.m. ET Feb. 20, 2018 | Updated 11:00 a.m. ET Feb. 20, 2018

"The interest in Colonel Glenn's flight seemed more intense than at any other event in memory — World Series game notwithstanding," reporter Margaret Josten wrote in a front-page story in The Enquirer on Feb. 21, 1962.

It was the day after Astronaut John Glenn, a 40-year-old Marine lieutenant colonel from  Cambridge, Ohio, orbited the Earth three times.

"Boy, that was a real fireball ride," Glenn said as his capsule Friendship 7 descended to Earth.

Glenn traveled more than 81,000 miles in just under five hours and landed in the balmy ocean near the Bahamas at 2:43 p.m.
https://www.cincinnati.com/story/news/history/2018/02/20/56-years-ago-boy-real-fireball-ride/354022002/

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rxw_aR81ld4" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rxw_aR81ld4</a>
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rxw_aR81ld4&t=162s

Offline Orionid

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I mamy okrągłą rocznicę powrotu Johna w kosmos.

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S3gOten2RJ8" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S3gOten2RJ8</a>
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S3gOten2RJ8



John Glenn Returns to Space on the STS-95 Mission
Oct. 29, 2018



On Oct. 29, 1998 at 2:19:34 p.m. EST, space shuttle Discovery launched with Senator John Glenn aboard, as he returned to space for the first time since his 1962 flight when he became the first American to orbit the Earth. In this image, he is at the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory at NASA's Johnson Space Center during water survival training for the STS-95 mission. Senator Glenn, wearing an orange launch and entry suit, dons his his helmet with the assistance of a suit technician.

During the mission, a battery of tests were conducted on Glenn and crewmate Pedro Duque to further research how the absence of gravity affects balance and perception, immune system response, bone and muscle density, metabolism and blood flow, and sleep.

Image Credit: NASA
https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/john-glenn-returns-to-space-on-the-sts-95-mission

'Zero-G, And I Feel Fine': 20 Years Since John Glenn's Return to Space
By Ben Evans, on November 4th, 2018


STS-95 launches on 29 October 1998. Photo Credit: NASA

(...) Three weeks after Glenn was announced to join the STS-95 mission, in February 1998 the remainder of the crew was announced. All but one were veterans, and yet all were starstruck by their crewmate. Commander Curt Brown was six years old when Glenn flew his Mercury mission and remembered Friendship 7 as “a big, significant event in my life”. Pilot Steve Lindsey was surprised to even meet one of the Original Seven, much less fly into space with the first American to orbit Earth. Mission Specialist Steve Robinson agreed with Lindsey, considering his chances of flying with Glenn as “impossible, squared”, whilst Scott Parazynski likened the opportunity to climbing Mount Everest with Sir Edmund Hillary or playing baseball with Babe Ruth. “This, for an astronaut,” said Parazynski, “is about as exciting as it gets.” (...)


Scott Parazynski (right) works with Sen. John Glenn during STS-95 in the fall of 1998. Photo Credit: NASA

http://www.americaspace.com/2018/11/04/zero-g-and-i-feel-fine-20-years-since-john-glenns-return-to-space/
https://www.springfieldnewssun.com/news/years-ago-today-john-glenn-blasted-into-space-aboard-the-discovery/LzqJQQu78qDuPBvYLPPxDI/
http://www.spacefacts.de/english/bio_ast.htm
http://lk.astronautilus.pl/loty/sts95.htm