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Offline Orionid

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Odp: Apollo 10
« Odpowiedź #15 dnia: Maj 18, 2019, 22:34 »
50 Years Ago: Apollo 10 Passes Countdown Demonstration Test
May 2, 2019


Apollo 10 astronauts (left to right) Cernan, Stafford, and Young.

Two weeks before the Apollo 10 launch, engineers at Kennedy Space Center’s Launch Complex 39B worked to overcome a problem with the Saturn V rocket’s first stage. On April 28, 1969, a planned power outage to conduct maintenance at the Launch Control Center also caused power to be lost at the launch pad, where not all systems had backup power. The rocket’s first stage was loaded with its flight load of RP-1 fuel, and the loss of power caused the failure of pneumatic controls keeping prevalves at the bottom of the tank closed and the prevalves opened, spilling 5,280 liters of RP-1 fuel onto the launch pad’s flame trench. Since the fuel tank didn’t have any relief valves to allow air to enter the tank as fuel drained out, the loss of fluid volume caused the top of the tank to dimple inward. Quick thinking engineers at the pad instituted a work around to refill the tank and the dimple popped out with a very audible “boomp.” Launch pad manager John J. “Tip” Talone concluded of the quick action, “It worked like a champ.” Concern with any possible cracks in the fuel tank was resolved through non-destructive testing and visual inspections. (...)

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/50-years-ago-apollo-10-passes-countdown-demonstration-test

Offline Orionid

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Odp: Apollo 10
« Odpowiedź #16 dnia: Maj 18, 2019, 22:39 »
50 lat temu

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pb0bV5CPIUM" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pb0bV5CPIUM</a>
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pb0bV5CPIUM

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4eeF4BxjMIM" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4eeF4BxjMIM</a>
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4eeF4BxjMIM

Apollo 10 Launches Into History on May 18, 1969
May 17, 2019


Apollo 10 launch Image Credit: NASA

When Apollo 10 launched on May 18, 1969, it was the fifth launch of the Saturn V. It carried Mission Commander Thomas Stafford, command module pilot John Young and lunar module pilot Eugene Cernan to the Moon. The crew performed the first lunar orbit rendezvous, and the lunar landing mission profile was performed except for powered descent, landing and ascent of the lunar module. The mission objectives were to rehearse all the steps and reproduce all the events of the Apollo 11, the first lunar landing mission, with the exception of the lunar touchdown, stay and liftoff.

The mission transmitted the first live color television transmissions to Earth, which began three hours after launch when Apollo 10 was 3,570 miles from Earth.

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/apollo-10-launches-into-history-on-may-18-1969

Offline ekoplaneta

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Odp: Apollo 10
« Odpowiedź #17 dnia: Maj 19, 2019, 20:13 »
18 maja 1969 astronauci Apollo 10 sfotografowali Ziemię:



https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/may-18-1969-apollo-10-view-of-the-earth/

Celebrując 50 lecie Apollo 10 wstawiłem to zdjęcie do swojego forumowego avatara  :)

Offline Orionid

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Odp: Apollo 10
« Odpowiedź #18 dnia: Maj 19, 2019, 21:45 »
18 maja 1969 astronauci Apollo 10 sfotografowali Ziemię:


https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/may-18-1969-apollo-10-view-of-the-earth/
Celebrując 50 lecie Apollo 10 wstawiłem to zdjęcie do swojego forumowego avatara  :)
Wcześniej  to zdjęcie pojawiło się już w wątku :)
http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=102.msg129546#msg129546

Warto też wspomnieć, że poleciała wówczas załoga o największym wtedy  kosmicznym doświadczeniu w amerykańskim programie kosmicznym.

Apollo 10

(...) The Apollo 10 crew was the first in the U.S. space-flight program to consist entirely of experienced astronauts. Commander Thomas P. Stafford and command-module pilot John W. Young had each flown two missions in Earth orbit as part of the Gemini program; lunar-module pilot Eugene A. Cernan had flown one. (...)
https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/apollo-10/in-depth/

Więcej o misji Apollo 10: Artykuły astronautyczne

Offline Orionid

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Odp: Apollo 10
« Odpowiedź #19 dnia: Maj 19, 2019, 21:48 »
Nieco innych zdjęć Ziemi wykonanych w czasie tamtej wyprawy:


AS10-34-5010  Earth immediately after TLI. 80mm

Apollo 10 View of the Earth
May 18, 2016


AS10-34-5026 (18-26 May 1969) --- An Apollo 10 photograph of Earth taken from 100,000 miles away. Visible are many areas of Europe and Africa. Among the features and countries identifiable are Portugal, Spain, Italy, the Mediterranean Sea, Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria, the Black Sea, Libya, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the Sinai Peninsula, the Nile Delta, Lake Chad, and South Africa.
https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/apollo-10-view-of-the-earth


AS10-27-3888 (306k )
Earthrise from lunar orbit. Possibly the first after Lunar Orbit Insertion (LOI). The first Apollo 10 Earthrise was at about GET 76 hr 24 min or 2113 UTC/GMT on 21 May 1969. A starry Night view of earth from 100 km above the lunar equator at longitude 105 E, gives a reasonably good match with Greenland recognizable in 3888 just above the terminator on the right. Scan courtesy NASA Johnson.

Apollo 10 Earth Rise


AS10-27-3895 Earthrise, Lunar-Earth Sequence. Apollo 10. 1969.
https://airandspace.si.edu/multimedia-gallery/5409hjpg?id=5409

https://www.flickr.com/photos/projectapolloarchive/21300598393

Offline Orionid

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Odp: Apollo 10
« Odpowiedź #20 dnia: Maj 19, 2019, 21:56 »
Command Module, Apollo 10

Apollo 10 with Command Module 106, Charlie Brown, with was launched on May 18, 1969, atop a Saturn V rocket. The crew consisted of Commander Tom Stafford, Command Module Pilot John Young, and Lunar Module Pilot Eugene Cernan. The mission was a dress rehearsal for the Apollo 11 landing on the moon and was the first time the Lunar Module was tested in lunar orbit. Once in lunar orbit, Stafford and Cernan flew the LM "Snoopy" to within 14.5 km of the lunar surface but, instead of landing, they performed a planned simulated abort which carried them away from the moon. Apollo 10 orbited the moon 31 times before returning to Earth. "Charlie Brown" landed in the Pacific Ocean on May 26. The success of the mission was the last step before the culmination of the dream, a manned landing on the moon the following July.

Accountability for Command Module 106 was transferred to the Smithsonian Institution in April 1970 just prior to its shipment to Europe for a display tour under the auspices of the United States Information Agency. Following display in several counties (including the USSR, France and the Netherlands), in 1978 the spacecraft was place on loan to the London Science Museum, where it has remained on public display.
https://airandspace.si.edu/collection-objects/command-module-apollo-10

Offline ekoplaneta

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Odp: Apollo 10
« Odpowiedź #21 dnia: Maj 19, 2019, 22:04 »
Dzięki za fotki Orionidzie. W swoim avatarze zmieniłem fotkę Ziemi z widoczną Afryką i resztą naszej półkuli  ;)

Offline Orionid

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Odp: Apollo 10
« Odpowiedź #22 dnia: Maj 20, 2019, 00:28 »
Jim Bridenstine@JimBridenstine 18 maj 2019

I had the honor of celebrating the 50th anniversary of Apollo 10 at the @StaffordMuseum with the legend himself, General Tom Stafford. The risks Stafford took with John Young and Gene Cernan are what made Apollo 11 possible. All our Apollo astronauts are true American heroes.





https://twitter.com/JimBridenstine/status/1129931270887268352

Offline Orionid

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Odp: Apollo 10
« Odpowiedź #23 dnia: Maj 20, 2019, 06:55 »
Astronaut Tom Stafford Receives Lifetime Space Achievement Award
April 9, 2019


General William Shelton awards General Thomas Patten Stafford, former NASA astronaut, Air Force officer and test pilot the General James E. Hill Lifetime Achievement Award, at the Space Symposium, Tuesday, April 9, 2019, at Broadmoor Hall in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Former and current NASA Administrators were in attendance. Credits: (NASA/Aubrey Gemignani)

(...) About his time in space, Stafford said, "It changes you … As you look back, you see a little blue and white baseball, actually it’s smaller than a baseball. But it’s hard to envision that is where all the people you’ve known all your life are, where you went to school, your friends, your family. It’s also hard to envision that there are three billion people on that blue and white baseball." (...)

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/astronaut-tom-stafford-receives-lifetime-space-achievement-award

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Odp: Apollo 10
« Odpowiedź #24 dnia: Maj 20, 2019, 06:57 »
NASA and Peanuts Celebrate Apollo 10’s 50th Anniversary
May 18, 2019


The agency’s Silver Snoopy award is given by NASA astronauts to employees and contractors for outstanding achievements related to human flight safety or mission success. Credits: NASA

(...) Peanuts has also teamed with Apple TV to present a 10-minute feature that includes archival interviews of two of the three Apollo 10 astronauts, Tom Stafford and Eugene Cernan, as well as an interview with current NASA flight director, Ginger Kerrick. This featurette presents a light-hearted look at Apollo 10 from the imagination of Documentarian Morgan Neville and starring Jeff Goldblum and Ron Howard, playing themselves. The short feature, Peanuts in Space: Secrets of Apollo 10, is being released on the anniversary of the Apollo 10 launch.

NASA has shared a proud association with Charles M. Schulz and his American icon Snoopy since Apollo missions began in the 1960s. Schulz created comic strips depicting Snoopy on the Moon, capturing public excitement about America’s achievements in space. In May 1969, Apollo 10 astronauts traveled to the Moon for a final checkout before lunar landings on later missions. Because the mission required the lunar module to skim the Moon’s surface to within 50,000 feet and “snoop around” scouting the Apollo 11 landing site, the crew named the lunar module Snoopy. The command module was named Charlie Brown, Snoopy’s loyal owner. (...)

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/nasa-and-peanuts-celebrate-apollo-10-s-50th-anniversary

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Odp: Apollo 10
« Odpowiedź #25 dnia: Maj 25, 2019, 08:12 »
Apollo 10 – 50 lat temu
BY KRZYSZTOF KANAWKA ON 24 MAJA 2019


Logo misji Apollo 10 / Credits - NASA

Mija właśnie 50 lat od misji Apollo 10 – “ostatniego testu” przed historycznym lądowaniem człowieka na Srebrnym Globie.

Celem misji Apollo 10 było przetestowanie lądownika księżycowego oraz procedur lądowania na Srebrnym Globie. Misja Apollo 10 odbywała się w dniach 18 – 26 maja 1969, z czego w dniach 21 – 24 maja 1969 statek Apollo oraz lądownik LM przebywał na orbicie Księżyca. Misja zakończyła się sukcesem i otworzyła drogę do załogowego lądowania, które nastąpiło w lipcu 1969 roku.


Jedno ze zdjęć Księżyca wykonane podczas misji Apollo 10 / Credits – NASA

Ponadto, oprócz testów lądownika księżycowego, w trakcie misji Apollo 10 wykonano setki zdjęć Srebrnego Globu. Te zdjęcia posłużyły do dokładnego planowania kolejnych misji programu Apollo, w szczególności etapu lądowania na Księżycu. Dzięki temu udało się m.in. ograniczyć wielkość elipsy lądowania dla misji Apollo 11.

Misja Apollo 10 wykonała w około 70% zakładane cele fotograficzne na tę wyprawę. Udało się m.in. uzyskać dużą ilość fotografii drugiej strony Księżyca, w tym obszarów, które dotychczas były niewystarczająco dobrze sfotografowane.

#Link do YouTube niepoprawny#
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rq8cyvmJMNQ
Pięćdziesiąta rocznica misji Apollo 10 / Credits – NASA

W trakcie tej misji lądownik LM zbliżył się do powierzchni Księżyca na minimalną odległość 15,6 km. Nie wszystko jednak przebiegło w tej misji planowo – przykładowo doszło do nieoczekiwanego obrotu części powrotnej lądownika LM po separacji członów. Późniejsza analiza wykazała, że było bardzo blisko do utraty kontroli nad tym segmentem lądownika, co w konsekwencji doprowadziłoby do uderzenia w powierzchnię Księżyca i śmierci dwóch astronautów.

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XUYDbDlGXqo" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XUYDbDlGXqo</a>
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XUYDbDlGXqo

Materiał z 16 mm kamery – misja Apollo 10 / Credits – NASA

Z załogi misji Apollo 10 żyje dziś tylko Thomas Stafford – dowódca misji. John Young zmarł w 2018 roku, zaś Eugene Cernan odszedł w 2017 roku.

(NASA)
https://kosmonauta.net/2019/05/apollo-10-50-lat-temu/