Autor Wątek: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)  (Przeczytany 486 razy)

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Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« dnia: Wrzesień 22, 2019, 21:30 »
W dniu 21.09.2019 roku zmarł w wieku 82 lat pierwszy niemiecki kosmonauta Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn.
Wziął udział w locie Sojuza-31 i na pokładzie stacji Salut-6 w ramach programu Interkosmos w 1978 roku.

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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #1 dnia: Wrzesień 22, 2019, 22:21 »
Cała załoga 3. misji w ramach załogowego  programu Interkosmos zmarła w tym roku  :(

Siegmunt Sigmund  Jähn jest jednocześnie pierwszym zmarłym nieradzieckim kosmonautą programu Interkosmos spośród tych, którzy widzieli Ziemię z orbity.






Weltraumpionier Sigmund Jähn verstorben

Mit großer Trauer haben der Vorstand und die Mitarbeitenden des Deutschen Zentrums für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) die Nachricht zur Kenntnis nehmen müssen, dass Sigmund Jähn, der erste Deutsche im All, am 21. September 2019 verstorben ist.

"Mit Sigmund Jähn verliert die deutsche Raumfahrt einen weltweit anerkannten Kosmonauten, Wissenschaftler und Ingenieur", sagt Prof. Pascale Ehrenfreund, Vorstandsvorsitzende des DLR, "Der erste Deutsche im All hat sich auch immer als Brückenbauer zwischen Ost und West im Sinne der friedlichen Nutzung des Weltraums verstanden. Seine Botschaft, für die Erde ins All, werden wir in ehrendem Gedenken bewahren und fortführen."
https://www.dlr.de/content/de/artikel/news/2019/03/20190922_weltraumpionier-sigmund-jaehn-verstorben.html

Wątek związany z 40. rocznicą lotu pierwszego niemieckiego kosmonauty Artykuły astronautyczne

https://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=800.msg121621#msg121621

Walerij Fiodorowicz Bykowskij (1934-2019) https://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=1461.msg56031#msg56031

https://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=839.msg121846#msg121846
« Ostatnia zmiana: Wrzesień 23, 2019, 00:13 wysłana przez Orionid »

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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #2 dnia: Wrzesień 22, 2019, 22:43 »
Biografie von Sigmund Jaehn

(...) Maßgeblichen Anteil hatte Jähn auch an der Schaffung der Association of Space Explorers (ASE), der Internationalen Vereinigung der Raumfahrer. Als Gründungsmitglied von 1985 gehörte er jahrelang deren Exekutivkomitee an.

 Am 2. Oktober 1990 wurde die NVA der DDR aufgelöst und Jähn im Range eines Generalmajors aus der Armee entlassen. Danach war er im Kosmonautenausbildungszentrum bei Moskau als freier Berater für das Deutsche Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) tätig, ab 1993 auch für die Europäische Weltraumorganisation ESA. Hier betreute er  die deutschen und europäischen Astronauten bei den Vorbereitungen für die Missionen Mir-92 (Klaus-Dietrich Flade und Reinhold Ewald), Euromir-94 (Ulf Merbold und Pedro Duque/Spanien), Euromir-96 (Thomas Reiter und Christer Fuglesang/Schweden) sowie Mir-97 (Reinhold Ewald und Hans Schlegel).

 Bis 2002 blieb Jähn als ESA-Berater im Sternenstädtchen. Dann ging er in den Ruhestand, wirbt aber bis heute landesweit bei Veranstaltungen, Vorträgen und Foren weiter für den Raumfahrtgedanken. (...)

https://www.esa.int/ger/ESA_in_your_country/Germany/Biografie_von_Sigmund_Jaehn

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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #3 dnia: Wrzesień 22, 2019, 23:33 »
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« Ostatnia zmiana: Wrzesień 26, 2019, 02:59 wysłana przez Orionid »

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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #4 dnia: Wrzesień 23, 2019, 00:02 »
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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #5 dnia: Wrzesień 23, 2019, 00:03 »
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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #6 dnia: Wrzesień 23, 2019, 00:48 »
Trauer um Weltraumpionier Sigmund Jähn
Stand: 22.09.2019


Sigmund Jähn ist im Alter von 82 Jahren gestorben. Foto: Hendrik Schmidt  Quelle: dpa-infocom GmbH

Als erster Deutscher flog er 1978 ins All. Die Raumfahrt machte ihn zum Volkshelden der DDR. Zum Tod von Sigmund Jähn würdigen ihn Politiker und Wissenschaftler als Kosmonauten - und als Menschen.

Berlin (dpa) - Nach dem Tod von Sigmund Jähn, dem ersten Deutschen im All, haben Politiker und Wissenschaftler ihren Respekt vor der Lebensleistung des 82-Jährigen ausgedrückt.

Der Vorsitzende der Linksfraktion im Bundestag, Dietmar Bartsch, sprach Jähns Witwe und den Angehörigen sein Mitgefühl aus. Bei Twitter schrieb er: «Ein wirklicher Held und doch ein so bescheidener Mensch.»

Jähn starb am Samstag im Alter von 82 Jahren, wie das Deutsche Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) am Sonntag mitteilte. Der Kosmonaut war in der DDR ein Volksheld und genoss große Popularität. Trotz seines Ruhmes blieb er immer bescheiden und wurde deshalb besonders verehrt.

CDU-Generalsekretär Paul Ziemiak nannte Jähn einen echten Pionier. Er habe Millionen junger Menschen inspiriert, über sich hinauszuwachsen und neugierig zu sein. «Ganz Deutschland trauert heute um seinen ersten Mann im All», schrieb Ziemiak bei dem Kurznachrichtendienst.

Der saarländische Ministerpräsident Tobias Hans würdigte Jähn als ein «Vorbild wie es wenige gibt und gab». Und Sachsens Regierungschef Michael Kretschmer (CDU) erinnerte sich: «Ich habe ihn als klugen und bescheidenen Sachsen kennengelernt. Wir werden sein Lebenswerk lebendig halten.»

Auch Wegbegleiter Jähns aus der Raumfahrt drückten ihre Trauer aus. «Die Nachricht vom Tode Sigmund Jähns hat mich tief berührt», sagte Jan Wörner, Generaldirektor der Europäische Weltraumorganisation (Esa). «Wann immer wir uns getroffen haben, war es sehr persönlich, eine Freundschaft war entstanden, die nicht nur die Raumfahrt und seine unermüdliche Unterstützung der europäischen Astronauten betraf.»

«Der erste Deutsche im All hat sich auch immer als Brückenbauer zwischen Ost und West im Sinne der friedlichen Nutzung des Weltraums verstanden. Seine Botschaft, für die Erde ins All, werden wir in ehrendem Gedenken bewahren und fortführen», sagte Pascale Ehrenfreund, Vorstandsvorsitzende des Deutsche Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)

Am 26. August 1978 startete Jähn mit der Rakete «Sojus 31» vom russischen Raumfahrtzentrum Baikonur aus. Gemeinsam mit dem sowjetischen Kosmonauten Waleri Bykowski (1934-2019) war er 7 Tage, 20 Stunden und 49 Minuten im All Erst 1983 flog Ulf Merbold aus dem Westen als zweiter Deutscher ins All.

Der am 13. Februar 1937 geborene Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn war Oberstleutnant der DDR-Armee NVA. Der gelernte Buchdrucker stammte aus der sächsischen Kleinstadt Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz. Nach der Ausbildung zum Jagdflieger bei den Luftstreitkräften der NVA wurde er von 1976 an in der Sowjetunion mit einem harten Training auf seinen Flug ins All vorbereitet.

Nach der Wende wurde Jähn zunächst arbeitslos. Später arbeitete er für das Deutsche Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt und die Europäische Weltraumorganisation (Esa) und bildete europäische Astronauten im russischen Sternenstädtchen aus.

In seiner vogtländischen Heimatstadt erinnert die Deutsche Raumfahrtausstellung an seinen Weltraumflug. Jähn, der verheiratet war und zwei Töchter hatte, lebte in Strausberg bei Berlin. Er blieb seiner Heimat aber immer verbunden und hatte im Vogtland ein Wochenendhaus.

https://www.welt.de/newsticker/dpa_nt/infoline_nt/wissenschaft_nt/article200751956/Trauer-um-Weltraumpionier-Sigmund-Jaehn.html

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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #7 dnia: Wrzesień 23, 2019, 01:08 »
A life for space: Sigmund Jähn, Germany's first cosmonaut, dies aged 82
Date 22.09.2019 Author Fabian Schmidt

He started his career as a printer and socialist boy scout. Then he became a fighter pilot, cosmonaut and political icon. Through his life, Sigmund Jähn remained dedicated to space exploration and science.



Sigmund Jähn, the first German to enter space died on Saturday aged 82, the German Aerospace Center (DLR) announced on Sunday evening.

"German space travel as lost a globally recognized cosmonaut, scientist and engineer," DLR head Pascale Ehrenfreund said in a statement.

"The first German in space always saw himself as a bridge-builder between East and West and for a peaceful use of space," Ehrenfreund added.

Despite his fame, Jähn remained modest and was respected by many.

"The news of Sigmund Jaehn's death has touched me deeply. Whenever we met, it was very personal, a friendship was created that wasn't only about space travel and his untiring support for European astronauts," Jan Wörner, director general of the European Space Agency, said.

"I'm deeply thankful to have been able to meet him and will not forget him," Wörner added.

Space race

The race to space between East and West was in full swing on August 26 1978, when East German Sigmund Jähn took off on board of space ship Soyuz 31 to the Soviet space station Saljut 6.

Some time had passed since Yuri Gagarin flew to space as the first man in 1961 — an achievement countered by US space agency NASA with a total of five moon landings between 1969 and 1972.

Now, a new phase in the world's space competition was about to begin. The Soviet Union's socialist fraternal countries were invited to send their own cosmonauts into space — long before the US opened its own space program to its allies.

Space exploration as a symbol of socialist solidarity

Moscow wanted to prove the superiority and unity of the socialist world. Between 1978 and 1981 the soviet space agency sent cosmonauts from Czechoslovakia, Poland, Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Vietnam, Cuba, Mongolia and Romania into space.

A particularly clever move by the authorities in Moscow was the invitation of France to send a cosmonaut to space as early as 1982. The first western European in space was therefore travelling aboard a Soyuz space ship. It wasn't until one year later that NASA started its space shuttle program and invited astronauts from other countries for the first time. The first one was Ulf Merbold, traveling for West Germany to the Space-Lab.

Sigmund Jähn traveled to space a lot earlier. He was the third non-Soviet cosmonaut. Vladimir Remek from Czechoslovakia and Miroslaw Hermanszewski from Poland preceded him. Many saw the comparably high ranking of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) on the list as recognition by Moscow of the young state's political status — but also of its importance in science and technology. Sigmund Jähn was more than a cosmonaut — he symbolized the new prestige of the smaller and economically weaker German state.

An icon of the working class


Back on Earth: Sigmund Jähn signs the Soyuz landing capsule

The first German in space seemed to be custom made for his role as a socialist figure head for space and science. He grew up in a working class family in a small mining town called Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz in the Vogtland mountain region. He did not have a higher education but was already a trained book printer when he joined the predecessor of the East German army at the age of 18.

Then his career path took him right to becoming a military aviator. He became wing commander for political affairs and finished his high-school diploma during his time serving in the military. That qualified him for an advanced education at the Military Academy in Moscow, where he learned fluent Russian. Back in Germany he was put in charge of fighter-plane pilot education and aviation security in the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.

Dedicated to science

His experience in aviation and deep knowledge of Russia and its air force almost predestined him for his future cosmonaut career. Along with two other colleagues he was sent to the Star City near Moscow, where he received his cosmonaut training.

For Jähn, the scientific aspects of his work always remained a central part of his life. During the almost eight-day long flight he conducted experiments with a spectrometer for Earth-observation. He turned the discoveries of his experiments into the subject of his dissertation, which he finished at the Central Institute for Geophysics in Potsdam — the predecessor of today's Research Center for Geosciences (GFZ).

During his space flight, he also conducted experiments in material sciences, especially with growing crystals and breeding cells of microorganisms in combination with polymers.


A member of the German astronaut corps: Jähn (3rd from right) with all living German astronauts

After his return, Jähn became head of the newly founded Center for Cosmic Education of the Airforce of the National People's Army (NVA) in Straußberg near Berlin.

Still in his new function he advocated exchange and partnership between astronauts and cosmonauts worldwide. He was essential in bringing about the foundation of the Association of Space Explorers — an exclusive club of all people who spent at least one full Earth orbit in space.

Mediator between East and West

After his space flight, the GDR celebrated Jähn extensively. Schools were named after him and he received some of the highest orders and honors the country had to give.

Jähn later went on record to say that he would have liked more time to dedicate to his actual scientific work. But his representative and political duties often took the upper hand.

That changed with the fall of the Berlin Wall. With the disappearance of the GDR and its army, the NVA, Jähn had to reinvent himself. He started working as an advisor for the European Space Agency (ESA) and DLR and was dispatched to the Russian space agency Roskosmos. He also returned to his old haunt: The Star City near Moscow.

Jähn formally retired in 2002. On February 13, 2017 he celebrated his 80th birthday.


The first German in space
Together with his Soviet colleague Valeri Bykovski, Sigmund Jähn flew to the space station Salyut on August 26, 1978, were the two cosmonauts spent seven days and 20 hours. Jähn conducted experiments with an earth observation spectroscope and did material science research with growing crystals.



A lavish welcome
Back in the German Democratic Republic (GDR), people celebrated Jähn as "our cosmonaut." The first German in space inspired young and old alike. For the GDR, Jähn's success was also a political statement: Take us seriously! At least in the race for space, the GDR was now ahead of the Federal Republic of Germany — by several years.



Faithful to the idea of space exploration
Long before Jähn's space flight, the "Cosmonaut Center" opened in what was then Karl-Marx-City (now Chemnitz). It was a technology museum offering adventures for kids. Originally, it was dedicated to the first man in space, Yuri Gagarin, who flew in 1961. Today, it still draws crowds in Chemnitz, and it is named after the hero of GDR space exploration.



Two cosmonauts honor the arts
Russian cosmonaut Anatoly Solovyev and Sigmund Jähn present a plaque in honor of Russian chansonnier Vladimir Vysotsky in 2013 in Eberswalde near Berlin. Vysotsky is valued by most Russians for his rough and clear language. In Soviet times, he was one of the few artists who did not shy away from addressing socially critical topics.



Taking time off for family
After the fall of the Berlin Wall, Jähn remained active as a consultant for cosmonaut training. On behalf of the European and German space agencies ESA and DLR, he worked as an adviser in the Star City near Moscow. Ever since he retired, he has more time for his grandson, Jakob, who is now 11 years older than he was in this picture.



Mediator between the worlds
Sigmund Jähn is still available today to assist younger astronauts. Many of those who fly to the ISS from Baykonur today can benefit from his experience — especially with Russian space travel. Here Jähn can be seen in the final preparations for the ISS flight of German astronaut Alexander Gerst in 2018.


https://www.dw.com/en/a-life-for-space-sigmund-j%C3%A4hn-germanys-first-cosmonaut-dies-aged-82/a-37502900

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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #8 dnia: Wrzesień 23, 2019, 08:59 »
Zmarł pierwszy niemiecki kosmonauta
 22.09.2019, godz. 22:08



W wieku 82 lat zmarł pierwszy niemiecki kosmonauta Sigmund Jaehn - poinformowała dziś wieczorem Niemiecka Agencja Kosmiczna (DLR).

Według DLR Jaehn zmarł w sobotę w swoim domu w Strausbergu w Brandenburgii.

Jaehn był pierwszym niemieckim uczestnikiem wyprawy kosmicznej. Wraz z sowieckim kosmonautą Walerijem Bykowskim Jaehn poleciał na pokładzie statku Sojuz 31 na stację orbitalną Salut 6 26 sierpnia 1978 roku. Kosmonauci spędzili tam siedem dni i 20 godzin - przypomina Deutsche Welle. Na Ziemię powrócili Sojuzem 29.

Jaehn był trzecim cudzoziemcem na statkach Sojuz. Wcześniej w tym samym roku w kosmos polecieli Vladimir Remek z Czechosłowacji i Polak Mirosław Hermaszewski.

- Wraz ze śmiercią Sigmunda Jaehna straciliśmy uznanego kosmonautę, uczonego i inżyniera

 - oświadczyła szefowa Niemieckiej Agencji Kosmicznej Pascale Ehrenfreund.

https://niezalezna.pl/289238-zmarl-pierwszy-niemiecki-kosmonauta
« Ostatnia zmiana: Wrzesień 23, 2019, 09:02 wysłana przez Orionid »

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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #9 dnia: Wrzesień 24, 2019, 19:15 »
<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y1e8V73HHq8" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y1e8V73HHq8</a>

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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #10 dnia: Wrzesień 25, 2019, 03:46 »
Sigmund Jähn, First German in Space and a Hero Back Home, Dies at 82
By Christopher F. Schuetze Sept. 24, 2019, 5:40 p.m. ET [NYT]


Sigmund Jähn, right, with the Russian cosmonaut Valery Bykovsky in 1978 before their historic mission to space. In the Soviet bloc they were hailed as symbols of socialist unity.CreditCreditAssociated Press

BERLIN — Sigmund Jähn, whose distinction as the first German to travel into space made him a Cold War symbol of socialist unity at a time when East and West Germany competed for national achievements, died on Saturday in Strausberg, Germany, outside Berlin. He was 82.

The German Aerospace Center confirmed the death but did not specify a cause.

On Aug. 26, 1976, Mr. Jähn and the Russian cosmonaut Valery Bykovsky left Earth aboard the Soyuz 31 and spent seven days, 20 hours and 49 minutes in space, most of it aboard the Salyut 6 space station.

Their mission was to dock and resupply the Salyut 6 and run biological and medical experiments alongside the station’s long-duration crew, Vladimir Kovalyonok and Aleksandr Ivanchenkov. Mr. Jähn and Mr. Bykovsky returned to Earth on the Soyuz 29, the spacecraft the other crew had come up on.

“Dear TV audience of the German Democratic Republic,” Mr. Jähn said in a radio transmission from the space station in 1978. “I’m very happy to be allowed to be the first German to take part in this manned spaceflight.”

Mr. Jähn returned to a hero’s welcome and toured the country. Schools, ships and streets were named after him. Action figures of his likeness became popular. He was given medals and his image featured on postage stamps.

In the Cold War propaganda battle, East Germany had beaten West Germany into space by five years; it wasn’t until 1983 that Ulf Merbold would accomplish the feat with NASA.

“The first German in space, he always understood himself as a bridge builder between East and West in his advocacy for the peaceful use of space,” said Pascale Ehrenfreund, the head of the German Aerospace Center, where Mr. Jähn worked as an adviser after reunification.



Mr. Jähn in a portrait taken after his return from space in 1978. He was given a hero’s welcome. Schools, ships and streets were named after him, action figures were made in his likeness, and his image appeared on postage stamps.CreditZentralbild/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Even 30 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Mr. Jähn retained his celebrity status.

“In East Germany everyone knows Sigmund Jähn,” said Romy Mothes, the director of Deutsche Raumfahrtausstellung Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz, a space exploration museum in Mr. Jähn’s hometown.

Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn was born on Feb. 13, 1937, in Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz, in the Vogtland district, a mountainous region in southeast Germany on the Czechoslovakian border. His father was a sawmill worker, his mother a homemaker. Mr. Jähn trained to be a printer before he joined the East German National People’s Army. He became a pilot and eventually flew the most advanced Soviet fighter jets.

The first airplanes he ever saw as a boy were Allied bombers on their way to drop their payloads on Germany toward the end of World War II, he said in interviews.

He rose through the ranks of the army’s air division, serving as political officer, trainer and crash inspector before being secretly admitted — after a series of grueling physical tests — for Russian cosmonaut training in 1976. Mr. Jähn attributed his success as a cosmonaut to his Russian- language skills and a strong stomach.

“I didn’t get sick even once,” he told the newspaper

After his historic spaceflight, he was said to have been considered for a leadership position in the Communist Party, although in a

By the time Germany reunified in October 1990, Mr. Jähn had earned the rank of major general in the people’s army. After the army was dissolved upon reunification, he was unemployed briefly before signing up with the German Aerospace Center and later the European Space Agency as a consultant. He moved to Star City, the center of Russian cosmonaut training, outside Moscow, to instruct recruits.

His survivors include his wife, Erika, and two daughters.

On their mission together in 1978, Mr. Jähn had taken with him a toy figurine of Sandmännchen, a well-known character on an East German children’s television show, only to learn that Mr. Bykovsky had also brought a toy, of the Russian character Masha.

“I was supposed to shoot footage for a children’s program while in orbit,” Mr. Jähn explained to Spiegel Online in a 2011 interview. “To that end, the Sandmännchen even wore his own spacesuit, specially made.”

In an unplanned show of unity, the men filmed the characters having a pretend marriage celebration, but the footage could not be shown on East German television, Mr. Jähn said. Sandmännchen, it turned out, was supposed to remain single.


Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/24/world/europe/sigmund-jhn-dead.html?emc=rss&partner=rss

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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #11 dnia: Wrzesień 25, 2019, 03:47 »
Sigmund Jähn, first German cosmonaut to fly in space, dies at 82

September 22, 2019 — Sigmund Jähn, the first German to fly in space, has died at the age of 82.


Sigmund Jähn, the first German cosmonaut to fly into space, died on Saturday, Sept. 22, 2019, at the age of 82. (ESA)

Jähn's death on Saturday (Sept. 21) was announced by the German Aerospace Center (Deutschen Zentrums für Luft- und Raumfahrt, or DLR).

"With Sigmund Jähn, the DLR has lost a globally-recognized cosmonaut, scientist and engineer," said Pascale Ehrenfreund, chair of the DLR executive board, in a statement posted to the aerospace center's website on Sunday. 'The first German in space always saw himself as a bridge-builder between the East and West and for a peaceful use of space."

One of just four candidates selected in November 1976 by Germany (then East Germany or formally, the German Democratic Republic) for the former Soviet Union's Interkosmos program, Jähn made one flight into space, logging 7 days, 20 hours and 49 minutes off of Earth.



Soyuz 31 research cosmonaut Sigmund Jähn seen floating aboard the Soviet Union's Salyut 6 space station in August 1978. (DLR)

Launched on Aug. 26, 1978 as a research cosmonaut, Jähn and his Soyuz 31 crewmate, Soviet cosmonaut Valery Bykovsky, flew supplies to Russia's Salyut 6 space station. The two joined the station's two-person resident crew, Vladimir Kovalyonok and Aleksandr Ivanchenkov, to conduct experiments that spanned the fields of remote sensing to medicine and biology, as well as materials science and geophysics.

During his week on orbit, Jähn also filmed a small toy figure from an East German children's television show (Sandmännchen) and addressed his fellow countrymen during a live broadcast.

"I am very happy for the chance to be the first German to take part in this manned spaceflight," he said.

Leaving behind their Soyuz 31 spacecraft docked to Salyut 6, Jähn and Bykovsky returned to Earth aboard Soyuz 29 on Sept. 3, 1978, touching down on the steppe of Kazakhstan after orbiting the planet 124 times.



Soyuz 31 crewmates Valery Bykovsky and Sigmund Jähn are seen after landing in Kazakhstan in September 1978. (DLR/Roscosmos)

Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn was born in Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz, a small village in the Vogtland district of Saxony, Germany, on Feb. 13, 1937. Trained as a book printer and then serving as a youth leader, Jähn joined the East German air force (Luftstreitkräfte der Nationalen Volksarmee or LSK) in 1955.

A pilot in an LSK fighter squadron from 1958, Jähn was serving as the head of air tactics and aerial combat when he was assigned to study at the Yuri Gagarin Air Force Academy at Monino near Moscow in 1966. He graduated in 1970 and was working for the LSK on pilot education and flight safety when he was selected for the Interkosmos program.

Reporting to Star City, outside of Moscow, on Dec. 4, 1976, Jähn and his future backup, Eberhard Köllner, began six months of basic cosmonaut training, followed by another year of mission-specific preparation.

After his spaceflight, Jähn returned to Germany, where he led a newly-created space training center for the East German air force. Following the fall of the Berlin Wall and the reunification of Germany, he consulted for the DLR and European Space Agency (ESA) at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City.

Although he did not fly again, Jähn helped prepare five other Germans for their missions to the space station Mir, including Klaus-Dietrich Flade, Reinhold Ewald, Ulf Merbold, Thomas Reiter and Hans Schlegel.

"The news of Sigmund Jähn's death has touched me deeply," wrote Jan Wörner, ESA's Director General, in a post on Twitter on Sunday. "Whenever we met, it was very personal, a friendship was created that was not only about space travel and his tireless support of European astronauts."

Jähn retired in 2002, but remained active in promoting spaceflight in Germany and around the world. A founding member and former executive committee member of the Association of Space Explorers, Jähn made frequent public appearances, including in his hometown, where a museum exhibit celebrates his Soyuz 31 flight.

For his service, Jähn was recognized as a Hero of the Soviet Union and Hero of the German Democratic Republic, and was bestowed the Order of Karl Marx and Order of Lenin. In 2001, Asteroid 17737 was named "Sigmundjähn" in his honor.

Jähn was married to Erika Hänsel, and together they had two daughters, Marina and Grit.


http://www.collectspace.com/news/news-092219a-obituary-sigmund-jahn-cosmonaut.html

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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #12 dnia: Wrzesień 25, 2019, 09:45 »
Odszedł pierwszy niemiecki kosmonauta. Sigmund Jähn miał 82 lata
24 września 2019, 14:47


Dwa pokolenia niemieckich astronautów na jednym zdjęciu - z lewej Sigmund Jähn, z prawej natomiast Alexander Gerst, dwukrotny uczestnik misji na ISS z ramienia ESA. Fot. dlr.de

Zmarł Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn - pierwszy niemiecki uczestnik załogowej misji kosmicznej, przeprowadzonej w ramach radzieckiego programu Interkosmos na pokładzie statku Sojuz 31 w 1978 roku. Informację o śmierci kosmonauty upublicznili 22 września br. przedstawiciele niemieckiej agencji kosmicznej DLR.

Jak podano w komunikacie agencji DLR (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt), Sigmund Jähn zmarł w sobotę 21 września br. w swoim domu w brandenburskim Strausbergu. Jähn był pierwszym niemieckim uczestnikiem wyprawy kosmicznej. Reprezentując wówczas NRD, niemiecki pilot udał się wraz z radzieckim kosmonautą Walerijem Bykowskim w wyprawę na niską orbitę okołoziemską z użyciem statku kosmicznego Sojuz.

Celem misji było zakotwiczenie na stacji orbitalnej Salut 6, w kierunku której Sojuz wyruszył 26 sierpnia 1978 roku z kosmodromu Bajkonur. Misja udała się, a kosmonauci spędzili na pokładzie stacji siedem dni i 20 godzin. Podczas swojego pobytu na pokładzie orbitera, kosmonauci wykonywali eksperymenty naukowe.

Powrót na Ziemię nastąpił z użyciem statku Sojuz 29. Jednakże, na skutek twardego lądowania kapsuły Jähn doznał niegroźnego urazu kręgosłupa.

Jähn był trzecim cudzoziemcem biorącym udział w misji statku Sojuz. Wcześniej w tym samym roku w kosmos polecieli Vladimir Remek z Czechosłowacji i Polak Mirosław Hermaszewski.

"Wraz ze śmiercią Sigmunda Jähna straciliśmy uznanego kosmonautę, uczonego i inżyniera" - oświadczyła szefowa DLR, Pascale Ehrenfreund.
https://www.space24.pl/analizy/odszedl-pierwszy-niemiecki-kosmonauta-sigmund-jhn-mial-82-lata

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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #13 dnia: Wrzesień 25, 2019, 09:45 »
Sigmund Jähn ist gestorben
23.09.2019 06:10 Uhr Von Daniel AJ Sokolov

Der erste deutsche Raumfahrer, Sigmund Jähn, ist tot. Der als "Held der DDR" und der Sowjetunion Ausgezeichnete wurde 82 Jahre alt.


Sigmund Jähn besuchte voriges Jahr den Weltraumbahnhof Baikonur. (Bild: DLR CC BY 2.0 )

(...) "Ein beeindruckender Mann und ein eher leiser Held", schrieb Vizekanzler Olaf Scholz (SPD) am Sonntag auf Twitter. Der Vorsitzende der Linksfraktion im Bundestag, Dietmar Bartsch, sprach Jähns Witwe und den Angehörigen sein Mitgefühl aus: "Ein wirklicher Held und doch ein so bescheidener Mensch." "Ich bin aber kein Volksheld", hatte Sigmund Jähn immer über sich selbst gesagt, "Ich hatte einfach Glück." (...)


DDR-Briefmarke "Sojus 31" anlässlich Jähns Weltraummission (Bild: gemeinfrei)

(...)
https://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/Sigmund-Jaehn-ist-gestorben-4535849.html

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Odp: Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn (1937-2019)
« Odpowiedź #14 dnia: Wrzesień 25, 2019, 09:45 »
Sigmund Jähn ist tot
Stand: 22.09.2019


Sigmund Jähn (r.) wird am 21. September 1978 in Berlin (DDR) vom Staatsratsvorsitzenden Erich Honecker (l.) ausgezeichnet. Jähn erhielt Medaille und Urkunde für den Ehrentitel "Fliegerkosmonaut der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik"  Quelle: pa/dpa/ADN ZB

(...) In seiner vogtländischen Heimatstadt erinnert die Deutsche Raumfahrtausstellung an seinen Weltraumflug. Jähn, der verheiratet war und zwei Töchter hatte, lebte in Strausberg bei Berlin. Er blieb seiner Heimat aber immer verbunden und hatte im Vogtland ein Wochenendhaus.

https://www.welt.de/wissenschaft/article200751944/Sigmund-Jaehn-erster-Deutscher-im-Weltall-ist-tot.html