Autor Wątek: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu  (Przeczytany 12403 razy)

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Odp: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu
« Odpowiedź #45 dnia: Listopad 23, 2019, 17:24 »
A graphic novel chronicling the historic flight of Apollo 12.  Credits: NASA/PPG
https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/atoms/files/apollo_12_comic_book_web_res.pdf

Bardzo fajne - dobre do pokazania młodemu pokoleniu. :)

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Odp: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu
« Odpowiedź #46 dnia: Listopad 23, 2019, 20:06 »
Pierwsze reakcje astronautów na anomalię pogodową.

Apollo 12
Day 1, part 1: Launch and Reaching Earth Orbit

Cytuj
000:00:37 Gordon (onboard): What the hell was that?
000:00:38 Conrad (onboard): Huh?
000:00:39 Gordon (onboard): I lost a whole bunch of stuff; I don't know...
000:00:40 Conrad (onboard): Turn off the buses.
https://history.nasa.gov/afj/ap12fj/01launch_to_earth_orbit.html

https://history.nasa.gov/afj/ap12fj/index.html

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Odp: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu
« Odpowiedź #47 dnia: Listopad 25, 2019, 00:22 »
NASA Marshall@NASA_Marshall 24 lis 2019

50 years ago today, Pete Conrad, Alan Bean and Richard Gordon splashed down in the Pacific Ocean as #Apollo12 safely returned to Earth. #Apollo50th
https://twitter.com/NASA_Marshall/status/1198621044925444106


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Odp: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu
« Odpowiedź #48 dnia: Styczeń 05, 2020, 21:39 »
50 Years Ago: Apollo 12 Return to Houston
Nov. 25, 2019

(...) Within an hour after the astronauts arrived on board Hornet, the sailors lifted Yankee Clipper out of the water and towed it below to the hangar deck next to the MQF. Workers attached a hermetically sealed plastic tunnel between the MQF and Yankee Clipper, allowing Stone to leave the MQF and open the hatch to the capsule without breaking the biological isolation barrier. He retrieved the two Sample Return Containers (SRC) containing the lunar samples, the bags containing the Surveyor parts, film cassettes, and mission logs from the capsule and returned them to the MQF. Stone sealed the SRCs, film cassettes, and medical samples taken inside the MQF in plastic bags and transferred them to the outside through a transfer lock that included a decontamination wash. Outside the MQF, NASA engineers placed these items into transport containers and loaded them aboard two separate aircraft. The first aircraft, a C-2 Greyhound, carrying one SRC and a second package containing film departed Hornet within nine hours of the recovery, flying to Pago Pago 380 miles to the west. From there the two containers were placed aboard a C-141 Starlifter cargo aircraft and flown directly to Ellington Air Force Base (AFB) near MSC in Houston, arriving there late in the afternoon of Nov. 25. A second C-2 departed Hornet 14 hours after the first and included the second SRC, additional film as well as the astronaut medical samples. It flew to Pago Pago where workers transferred the containers to another cargo plane that flew them to Houston. Quarantine Control Officers in the LRL carried the containers from the transport aircraft to a NASA vehicle to make the 15-minute drive to the LRL to place them in quarantine.  (...)


Scientists get the first glimpse of the Moon rocks after opening the first Apollo 12 SRC.


Apollo 12 astronauts’ wives (left to right) Barbara Gordon, Jane Conrad, and Sue Bean greet their husbands upon their arrival at Ellington AFB.


Apollo 11 astronaut Armstrong greets the Apollo 12 crew upon their arrival at Ellington AFB.


Workers drive the Apollo 12 astronauts inside the MQF from Ellington AFB to MSC.


Apollo 12 CM Yankee Clipper arriving at the LRL.


Gordon signing Yankee Clipper in the LRL.

(...)
Postscript: The USS Hornet earned its place in history not only for its distinguished service to the United States in wartime but for the successful recovery of the first two Moon landing crews and their spacecraft. After the Apollo 12 recovery operations, Hornet sailed for its home port of Long Beach, California, on Nov. 29, arriving four days later. For a brief time, NASA and the US Navy considered designating Hornet as the PRS for Apollo 13, then scheduled for launch in March 1970. But Hornet was scheduled for decommissioning in June 1970, and that would not leave enough time for all the required deactivation and preservation work. The slip of the Apollo 13 launch to April decided Hornet’s fate. After a few brief operations at sea, Hornet departed Long Beach for the final time, sailing to Bremerton, Washington, for deactivation, and the US Navy formally decommissioned her on June 26, 1970. In December 1991, Hornet earned a designation as a National Historic Landmark thanks to local community efforts in Washington. Hornet remained in Bremerton until 1994, when she was towed to the San Francisco Bay area to be scrapped, but in May 1995 was moved to Alameda Naval Air Station to serve as the venue for celebrations commemorating the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II. The Aircraft Carrier Hornet Foundation acquired the ship from the Navy and opened the USS Hornet Museum in October 1998, with Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin speaking at the inauguration. The museum is moored at Alameda Point and visitors can see the MQF used during the Apollo 14 mission and the boilerplate Apollo capsule used during recovery training along with other space memorabilia.

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/50-years-ago-apollo-12-return-to-houston

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Odp: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu
« Odpowiedź #48 dnia: Styczeń 05, 2020, 21:39 »

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Odp: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu
« Odpowiedź #49 dnia: Styczeń 05, 2020, 21:39 »
50 Years Ago: Apollo 12 Astronauts Leave Quarantine
Dec. 10, 2019

For the first time in nearly four weeks, Apollo 12 astronauts Charles “Pete” Conrad, Richard F. Gordon, and Alan L. Bean stepped out into sunshine and breathed unfiltered air. Since their launch on Nov. 14, 1969, the trio had been inside their spacecraft for 10 days on their mission to the Moon and back, wore respirators during their recovery in the Pacific Ocean, housed in the Mobile Quarantine Facility during the trip from the prime recovery ship USS Hornet back to Houston, and inside the Crew Reception Area (CRA) of the Lunar Receiving Laboratory (LRL) at the Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC), now the Johnson Space Center in Houston. Like the Apollo 11 crew before them, Conrad, Gordon, and Bean exhibited no symptoms of any infections with lunar microorganisms and managers declared them fit to be released from quarantine on Dec. 10, 1969. MSC Director Robert L. Gilruth, other managers and a crowd of well-wishers were on hand to greet the astronauts who completed the second Moon landing mission. Their next few months proved to be extremely busy with many ceremonial functions.


MSC Director Gilruth and others greet Apollo 12 astronauts (left to right) Conrad, Gordon, and Bean as they emerge from the LRL’s CRA.

Addressing the crowd gathered outside the LRL, Conrad commented that “the LRL was really quite pleasant,” but all three were glad to be breathing non man-made air! While the men went home to their families for a short rest, work inside the LRL continued. Scientists began examining the first of the 75 pounds of rocks returned by the astronauts as well as the camera and other hardware they removed from Surveyor 3 for effects of 31 months exposed to the harsh lunar environment. Preliminary analysis of the TV camera that failed early during their first spacewalk on the lunar surface indicated that the failure was due to partial burnout of the Videocon tube, likely caused by the crew accidentally pointing the camera toward the Sun. Other scientists busied themselves with analyzing the data returning from the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package (ALSEP) instruments Conrad and Bean deployed on the lunar surface. Mission planners examining the photographs taken from lunar orbit of the Fra Mauro area were confident that the next mission, Apollo 13, would be able to make a safe landing in that geologically interesting site, the first attempt to land in the lunar highlands.


Left: After taking their first steps in the sunshine, Apollo 12 astronauts (left to right) Conrad, Bean, and Gordon address a large group of well-wishers outside the LRL.
Right: Apollo 12 astronauts (left to right) Bean, Gordon, and Conrad during their postflight press conference.


Two days after leaving the LRL, Conrad, Gordon, and Bean held their postflight press conference in the MSC auditorium. Addressing the assembled reporters, the astronauts first introduced their wives as their “number one support team” and then provided a film and photo summary of their mission and answered numerous questions. Among other things, the astronauts praised the spacesuits they wore during the Moon walks, indicating they worked very well and looking to the future saw no impediments to longer excursions on future missions. Their only concern centered around the ever-present lunar dust that clung to their suits, raising that as a potential issue for future lunar explorers.


Left: KSC Director Debus (at right) presenting Apollo 12 astronauts (left to right) Conrad, Gordon, and Bean with photos of their launch.
Right: Group photo of the Apollo 12 astronauts and their wives with President Nixon, First Lady Pat Nixon and their daughter Tricia Nixon.


Conrad, Gordon, and Bean returned to Kennedy Space Center (KSC) on Dec. 17, where their mission began more than a month earlier and nearly ended prematurely when their Saturn V rocket was struck by lightning, twice. KSC Director Kurt H. Debus presented each astronaut with a framed photograph of their launch in front of 8,000 workers assembled in the Vehicle Assembly Building. Of their nearly ill-fated litfoff Conrad expressed his signature confidence, “Had we to do it again, I would launch exactly under the same conditions.” Guenter Wendt and his pad closeout team had collected a piece of grounding rod from the umbilical tower, cut it into three short pieces, mounted them with the inscription “In fond memory of the electrifying launch of Apollo 12,” and presented them to the astronauts. Three days later, President Richard M. Nixon and First Lady Pat Nixon welcomed Conrad, Gordon, and Bean and their wives Jane, Barbara, and Sue, respectively, to a dinner at the White House. After dinner, they watched a film about the Apollo 12 mission as well as the recently-released motion picture Marooned about three astronauts stranded in space. President Nixon requested that the astronauts pay a visit to former President Lyndon B. Johnson, who for many years championed America’s space program, and brief him on their mission.


The Alan Bean Day parade in Fort Worth.


Apollo 12 astronaut Bean and his family deluged by shredded office paper during the parade in his honor in Fort Worth. Credits: Fort Worth Star Telegram.

On Dec. 22, the city of Fort Worth, Texas, honored native son Bean, with Conrad, Gordon, and their families joining him for the Alan Bean Day festivities. An estimated 150,000 people lined the streets of the city to welcome Bean and his crewmates, dumping a blizzard of ticker tape and shredded office paper on the astronauts and their families during the parade. City workers cleared an estimated 60 tons of paper from the streets after the event. On New Year’s Day 1970, Conrad, Gordon, and Bean led the 81st annual Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, California, as Grand Marshals. Actress June Lockhart, an avid space enthusiast, interviewed them during the TV broadcast of the event.


Left: Apollo 12 astronaut Gordon riding in one of the Grand Marshal cars in the Rose Parade.
Right: Actress Lockhart (at left) interviewing Apollo 12 astronauts (left to right) Conrad, Gordon, and Bean during the Rose Parade. Credits: emmyonline.com.


As requested by President Nixon during the White House dinner, Conrad, Gordon, and Bean and their wives paid a visit to former President Johnson and First Lady Lady Bird Johnson at their ranch near Fredericksburg, Texas, on Jan. 14, 1970. The astronauts described their mission to the former President and Mrs. Johnson. On Feb. 5, in a ceremony at the Pentagon, Admiral Thomas H. Moorer, Chief of Naval Operations, presented Conrad, Gordon, and Bean, all Navy Captains, with Distinguished Service Medals for their accomplishment. In turn, the astronauts presented Adm. Moorer with his personal flag that they carried with them during the moon mission. Eleven days later, the three astronauts, accompanied by their wives and a NASA and State Department entourage, departed Ellington Air Force Base in Houston for a 38-day 20-country around-the-world Presidential goodwill tour, dubbed the “Bullseye World Tour” in honor of the pinpoint landing they made on the Moon.


Left: Apollo 12 astronauts and their wives visiting former President and Mrs. Johnson at the LBJ Ranch.
Right: Apollo 12 astronauts present Adm. Moorer (at left) with his personal flag that they carried on their mission.


The distribution of the Apollo 12 lunar samples to selected investigators began on Jan. 7, 1970, coincident with the First Lunar Science Conference held Jan. 5-8 at the Albert Thomas Convention Center in Houston. While the conference focused on preliminary results from the Apollo 11 samples, some investigators received their first samples from the second landing mission, while others received them by registered mail. In all, scientists received 28.6 pounds of the Apollo 12 samples for investigation, of which they returned 23.7 pounds at the end of the study period, four pounds having been destroyed during the experiments. Managers lifted the quarantine on Jan. 7 on the Surveyor 3 parts returned by the astronauts, allowing scientists to examine them under laboratory conditions for the effects of 31 months on the lunar surface and the impact of the Lunar Module’s descent engine during the approach and landing. NASA published a summary of their findings in 1972.


Sign welcoming scientists to the Apollo 11 Lunar Science Conference.


Scientist examining the Surveyor 3 camera returned by the Apollo 12 astronauts.

Managers released the Apollo 12 Command Module Yankee Clipper from quarantine and shipped it back to its manufacturer, the North American Rockwell plant in Downey, California, on Jan. 12. Engineers there completed a thorough inspection of the spacecraft and eventually prepared it for public display. NASA transferred Yankee Clipper to the Smithsonian Institution in 1973, and today the capsule resides at the Virginia Air & Space Center in Hampton, Virginia.


Left: Apollo 12 Command Module Yankee Clipper arrives at the North American Rockwell facility.
Right: Apollo 12 Command Module Yankee Clipper at NAR in Downey.



Yankee Clipper at Virginia Air & Space Center. Credits: National Air and Space Museum.

While the Apollo 12 astronauts continued their post-mission touring, Apollo 11 commander Neil A. Armstrong joined Bob Hope’s USO Christmas tour in late December 1969. Armstrong participated in several shows at venues in Vietnam, Thailand, and Guam, kidding around with Hope and answering questions from the assembled service members. He received standing ovations and spent much time shaking hands with the troops. The USO troupe also visited the hospital ship USS Sanctuary (AH-17) stationed in the South China Sea.


Left: Armstrong (left) and Hope perform for the troops in Korat, Thailand.
Right: Armstrong (in blue flight suit) shakes hands with servicemen in Long Binh, Vietnam.


John Uri
NASA Johnson Space Center
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/50-years-ago-apollo-12-astronauts-leave-quarantine

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Odp: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu
« Odpowiedź #50 dnia: Styczeń 05, 2020, 21:40 »
50 years ago, on the way to the Moon (Astronaut Clifton C. “C.C.” Williams)...
Oct. 5, 2017


The Apollo 12 crew patch with a fourth star honoring Clifton C. “C.C.” Williams.
Credits: NASA


Tragedy struck the NASA community on October 5, 1967.  While traveling from the Kennedy Space Center to visit his parents in Mobile, Alabama, Astronaut Clifton C. “C.C.” Williams was killed when his T-38 aircraft crashed near Tallahassee, Florida, following a mechanical failure.  Selected for NASA’s Group 3 Astronaut Class in 1963, Williams served as backup Pilot for Gemini 10.  At the time of his death he was assigned to a backup crew with Astronauts Charles “Pete” Conrad and Richard Gordon, training as Lunar Module Pilot (LMP) for an Apollo mission to test the LM in Earth orbit.  Alan Bean took Williams’ place on that crew.  That mission turned out to be Apollo 9, and the backup crew for that flight became the prime crew for Apollo 12, the second Moon landing mission.

In honor of Williams, the Apollo 12 crew included four stars on their mission patch:  three for the flight crew of Conrad, Gordon and Bean, and one for Williams.  In tribute, his naval aviator wings were placed on the lunar surface.

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/50-years-ago-on-the-way-to-the-moon-astronaut-clifton-c-cc-williams

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Odp: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu
« Odpowiedź #51 dnia: Styczeń 05, 2020, 21:40 »
Czterdziesta rocznica misji Apollo 12
BY KRZYSZTOF KANAWKA ON 24 LISTOPADA 2009
https://kosmonauta.net/2009/11/2009-11-24-apollo-12/

Dokładnie 50 lat temu astronauci wracali na Księżyc - przebieg misji Apollo 12 (część 1.)
18 lis 2019
https://www.urania.edu.pl/wiadomosci/dokladnie-50-lat-temu-astronauci-wracali-na-ksiezyc-przebieg-misji-apollo-12-czesc-1

Po raz drugi na powierzchni Księżyca. Przebieg misji Apollo 12 (część 2.)
19 lis 2019
https://www.urania.edu.pl/wiadomosci/po-raz-drugi-na-powierzchni-ksiezyca-przebieg-misji-apollo-12-czesc-2

Astronauci odwiedzają sondę na Księżycu. Przebieg misji Apollo 12 (część 3.)
21 lis 2019

Powrót na Ziemię. Przebieg misji Apollo 12 (część 4.)
27 lis 2019
https://www.urania.edu.pl/wiadomosci/powrot-na-ziemie-przebieg-misji-apollo-12-czesc-4

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Odp: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu
« Odpowiedź #52 dnia: Styczeń 05, 2020, 21:53 »
Astronauci odwiedzają sondę na Księżycu. Przebieg misji Apollo 12 (część 3.)

https://www.urania.edu.pl/wiadomosci/astronauci-odwiedzaja-sonde-na-ksiezycu-przebieg-misji-apollo-12-czesc-3
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Odp: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu
« Odpowiedź #53 dnia: Marzec 17, 2020, 15:28 »
Podczas gdy załoga Apollo 13 w pierwotnym składzie przygotowywała się do misji, astronauci Apollo 12 kontynuowali Bullseye Presidential Goodwill World Tour.

50 Years Ago: Apollo 13 One Month to Launch
March 11, 2020 John Uri NASA Johnson Space Center


Left: Conrad (left) presenting a national flag of Romania flown to the Moon aboard Apollo 12 to President Nicolai Ceausescu in Bucharest.
Right: Conrad (foreground at left) presenting a national flag of Tunisia flown to the Moon on Apollo 12 to President Habib Bourguiba in Tunis.


Apollo 12 astronauts Charles “Pete” Conrad, Richard F. Gordon, and Alan L. Bean, accompanied by their wives and NASA and State Department officials, continued their 38-day Bullseye Presidential Goodwill World Tour. After stops in Latin America, the group made a rest stop in Las Palmas in the Canary Islands before continuing on to Europe. Cities visited there included Lisbon, Portugal; Luxembourg; Copenhagen, Denmark; Helsinki, Finland; Bucharest, Romania and Vienna, Austria. The tour continued on to Africa, with stops in Rabat, Morocco; Tunis, Tunisia; Abidjan, Ivory Coast; Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Tananarive, Malagasy Republic. After that it was off to several stops in Asia before returning home to the United States.

(...)
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/50-years-ago-apollo-13-one-month-to-launch

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Odp: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu
« Odpowiedź #54 dnia: Marzec 20, 2020, 23:47 »
Astronauci Apollo 12 kontynuowali podróż po świecie, podczas gdy już niewiele czasu pozostawało do startu kolejnej misji księżycowej.

50 Years Ago: Apollo 13 Three Weeks Before Launch
March 19, 2020 John Uri NASA Johnson Space Center


Left: Dignitaries greet the Apollo 12 astronauts and their wives in Colombo.
Right: Apollo 12 astronauts and their wives arrive in Jakarta.



Apollo 12 astronauts in the motorcade in Taipei.

Apollo 12 astronauts Charles “Pete” Conrad, Richard F. Gordon, and Alan L. Bean, accompanied by their wives and NASA and State Department officials, continued their 38-day “Bullseye” Presidential Goodwill World Tour. After multiple stops in Latin America, Europe and Africa, they visited Colombo, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka); Rangoon (now Yangon), Burma (now Myanmar); Djakarta, Indonesia; Taipei, Republic of China (Taiwan); and Tokyo and Osaka, Japan. At that last stop they made a brief visit to the Expo ’70 World’s Fair. Among the space artifacts they viewed in the U.S. pavilion at Expo ’70 was a Moon rock they had returned from the Ocean of Storms the previous November. From Japan they returned to the United States, arriving at Ellington on March 25 to reunite with their children.
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/50-years-ago-apollo-13-three-weeks-before-launch

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Odp: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu
« Odpowiedź #55 dnia: Wrzesień 06, 2020, 10:47 »
Ciekawa historia odkrycia przez miłośnika astronomii górnego członku rakiety Saturn V, prawdopodobnie z misji Apollo 12.

https://www.discovermagazine.com/planet-earth/how-a-lost-apollo-rocket-returned-to-earth?utm_source=dscfb&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=dscfb&fbclid=IwAR1lLlyTbla_sHVDnFYa55ERZcIIEr04-Fy1ljYTNxAvQtY7QPdpAUP3ea0

Wkleiłem link tutaj bo nie wiedziałem gdzie indziej by się nadawał.

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Odp: Apollo 12 - rendez-vous na Księżycu
« Odpowiedź #55 dnia: Wrzesień 06, 2020, 10:47 »