Autor Wątek: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń  (Przeczytany 43037 razy)

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #315 dnia: Kwiecień 01, 2019, 11:55 »
Chyba to jest najlepszy wątek by zadać pytanie:
- kto jest obecnie najstarszym żyjącym astronautą/kosmonautą?

Chyba:
Wałdymir Szałatow (urodzony 8 grudnia 1927)
Anatolij Filipczenko (urodzony 26 lutego 1928)
Frank Borman (urodzony 14 marca 1928)
Jim Lovell (urodzony 25 marca 1928)

Można w razie czego zrobić oddzielny wątek pt "Najstarsi astronauci/kosmonauci".

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #316 dnia: Kwiecień 01, 2019, 13:51 »
- kto jest obecnie najstarszym żyjącym astronautą/kosmonautą?

Chyba:
Wałdymir Szałatow (urodzony 8 grudnia 1927)
Anatolij Filipczenko (urodzony 26 lutego 1928)
Frank Borman (urodzony 14 marca 1928)
Jim Lovell (urodzony 25 marca 1928)

Można w razie czego zrobić oddzielny wątek pt "Najstarsi astronauci/kosmonauci".
Zgadza się. W przeciągu 1. miesiąca 3. astronautów skończyło 91 lat
Mamy od pewnego czasu posty aktualizujące dotyczące tego tematu.
http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=800.msg126740#msg126740

Wątki dotyczące najstarszych żyjących kosmonautów:
Władimir  Szatałow http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=3072.msg112342#msg112342
Anatolij Filipczenko  http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=3587.msg130640#msg130640

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #317 dnia: Kwiecień 01, 2019, 15:56 »
Dzięki! Przeniosę tam te posty!

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #318 dnia: Kwiecień 17, 2019, 08:09 »
- kto jest obecnie najstarszym żyjącym astronautą/kosmonautą?

Chyba:
Wałdymir Szałatow (urodzony 8 grudnia 1927)
Anatolij Filipczenko (urodzony 26 lutego 1928)
Frank Borman (urodzony 14 marca 1928)
Jim Lovell (urodzony 25 marca 1928)
Zgadza się. W przeciągu 1. miesiąca 3. astronautów skończyło 91 lat
Mamy od pewnego czasu posty aktualizujące dotyczące tego tematu.
http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=800.msg126740#msg126740

Powyższa lista pomijała Owena Garriotta. Posty zostały poprawione.

Obecnie żyje 43. kosmonautów i astronautów w wieku co najmniej 80 lat ( w tym 5., którzy obchodzili co najmniej 90. urodziny.)
17. z nich odbyło loty na pokładzie wahadłowców, w tym William Edgar Thornton, który kilka dni temu obchodził 90. urodziny  :)

Krótkie liczbowe podsumowanie liczby najstarszych astronautów.
Na koniec 2016: 44
Na koniec 2017: 46
Na koniec 2018: 44

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #319 dnia: Czerwiec 22, 2019, 00:59 »
15 lat od lotu 15P SpaceShipOne
BY KRZYSZTOF KANAWKA ON 21 CZERWCA 2019


Burt Rutan na SpaceShipOne - zdjęcie z 2004 roku / Credits - Scaled Composites

Piętnaście lat temu pojazd SpaceShipOne wykonał lot o oznaczeniu 15P. Był to pierwszy załogowy prywatny lot ponad umowną granicę kosmosu.

Konkurs XPrize został ogłoszony w roku 1995, kiedy to dr Peter Diamandis zaoferował 10 mln usd w nagrodę dla pierwszej prywatnej (= nie wspieranej przez żaden rząd) firmy/organizacji, która zbuduje i wyśle statek/kapsułę/samolot w przestrzeń kosmiczną dwa razy w odstępie maksymalnie dwóch tygodni. Statek miał być zatem odzyskiwalny. (Przestrzeń kosmiczna jest tutaj zdefiniowana jako wysokość ponad 100 km od powierzchni Ziemi).

W 2003 i 2004 roku spośród kilkunastu firm, w zasadzie liczyło się kilka – Scaled Composites, Starchaser Industries, Da Vinci Project i Canadian Arrow. Ta pierwsza firma, zarządzana przez Burta Rutana, zaprezentowała rozwiązanie składające się z samolotu odrzutowego – nośnika (zwanego White Knight) mniejszego statku (SpaceShipOne), przeznaczonego do lotu w kosmos. Program otrzymał nazwę Tier One.

Wg planów SpaceShipOne miał być uwalniany na pewnej wysokości od samolotu White Knight, skąd miał kontynuować lot na silniku rakietowym. Następnie powrót miał następować za pomocą unikalnego systemu skrzydeł aż do lądowania szybowcowego na lotnisku.

Na początku 2004 roku zarówno White Knight jak i SpaceShipOne były gotowe. Nastąpiły serie testów, które zakończyły się 21 czerwca 2004 roku pierwszym prywatnym lotem balistycznym, który przekroczył (o zaledwie 100 metrów) umowną granicę kosmosu, czyli 100 km. Za sterami SpaceShipOne siedział pilot Mike Melvill, który dzięki temu zdobył odznaczenie astronauty.

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29uQ6fjEozI" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29uQ6fjEozI</a>
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29uQ6fjEozI

Lot 15P – 21.06.2004 / Credits – Vulcan Productions and Discovery Channel

(...)
https://kosmonauta.net/2019/06/15-lat-od-lotu-15p-spaceshipone/#prettyPhoto
http://www.parabolicarc.com/2019/06/21/15-years-today/

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #320 dnia: Lipiec 01, 2019, 01:56 »
10 lat temu 29 czerwca 2009 NASA ogłosiła skład 20 grupy astronautów. Z 9. trzech astronautów przekroczyło już 50 lat. Jack Fischer opuścił NASA w 2018, a Jeanette  Epps po odsunięciu od przygotowań do lotu w 2018 pracuje w biurze astronautów przy Mission Support Crew Branch
Przydział do lotu ma tylko Michael Hopkins (Crew Dragon USCV-1), który jako pierwszy, z tej grupy, poleciał na ISS w 2013.

NASA Selects Nine New Astronauts for Future Space Exploration
June 29, 2009 RELEASE 09-149

HOUSTON - After reviewing more than 3,500 applications, NASA has selected nine people for the 2009 astronaut candidate class. They will begin training at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston this August.

"This is a very talented and diverse group we've selected," said Bill Gerstenmaier, associate administrator for Space Operations at NASA Headquarters in Washington. "They will join our current astronauts and play very important roles for NASA in the future. In addition to flying in space, astronauts participate in every aspect of human spaceflight, sharing their expertise with engineers and managers across the country. We look forward to working with them as we transcend from the shuttle to our future exploration of space, and continue the important engineering and scientific discoveries aboard the International Space Station."

The new astronaut candidates are:

Serena M. Aunon, 33, of League City, Texas; University of Texas Medical Branch flight surgeon for NASA's Space Shuttle, International Space Station and Constellation Programs; born in Indianapolis. Aunon holds degrees from George Washington University, University of Texas Health Sciences Center in Houston and the University of Texas Medical Branch.

Jeanette J. Epps, 38, of Fairfax, Va.; technical intelligence officer with the Central Intelligence Agency. Born in Syracuse, N.Y., Epps holds degrees from LeMoyne College in Syracuse and the University of Maryland.

Jack D. Fischer, major, U.S. Air Force, 35, of Reston, Va.; test pilot; U.S. Air Force Strategic Policy intern, Joint Chiefs of Staff, at the Pentagon. Born in Boulder, Colo., Fischer is a graduate of the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Co., and MIT.

Michael S. Hopkins, lieutenant colonel, U.S. Air Force, 40, of Alexandria, Va.; special assistant to the Vice Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, at the Pentagon. Born in Lebanon, Mo., Hopkins holds degrees from the University of Illinois and Stanford University.

Kjell N. Lindgren, 36, of League City, Texas; University of Texas Medical Branch flight surgeon for NASA's Space Shuttle, International Space Station and Constellation Programs. Born in Taipei, Taiwan, Lindgren has degrees from the U.S. Air Force Academy, Colorado State University, the University of Colorado, the University of Minnesota and the University of Texas Medical Branch.

Kathleen (Kate) Rubins, 30, of Cambridge, Mass.; principal investigator and fellow, Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research at MIT. Born in Farmington, Conn., Rubins conducts research trips to the Congo and has degrees from the University of California-San Diego and Stanford University.

Scott D. Tingle, commander, U.S. Navy, 43, of Hollywood, Md.; test pilot and assistant program manager-Systems Engineering at Naval Air Station Patuxent River. Born in Attleboro, Mass., Tingle holds degrees from Southeastern Massachusetts University (now the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth) and Purdue University.

Mark T. Vande Hei, lieutenant colonel, U.S. Army, 42, of El Lago, Texas; flight controller for the International Space Station at the Johnson Space Center as part of the U.S. Army NASA Detachment. Born in Falls Church, Va., Vande Hei is a graduate of Saint John's University in Collegeville, Minn., and Stanford University.

Gregory R. (Reid) Wiseman, lieutenant commander, U.S. Navy, 33, of Virginia Beach, Va.; test pilot; department head, Strike Fighter Squadron 103, USS Dwight D. Eisenhower, in Oceana, Va. Born in Baltimore, Wiseman is a graduate of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and Johns Hopkins University.
https://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2009/jun/HQ_09-149_New_Astronauts.html

A Decade of Chumps: NASA's 2009 Astronaut Class Chalks Up Ten Years of Space Experience
By Ben Evans, on June 30th, 2019


“Chump” Kjell Lindgren gazes out of the multi-windowed cupola on the International Space Station (ISS), during his 4.5-month increment in July-December 2015. Lindgren is today backing up both the first and second piloted flights of the SpaceX Crew Dragon. Photo Credit: NASA

Ten years ago, this week, nine American men and women from the military and civilian spheres, and with backgrounds which ran the gamut from science and technology to engineering and medicine, were announced as NASA’s 20th class of astronaut candidates. Selected from more than 3,500 applicants, a third of their number were female—the largest women-to-men ratio yet picked by the U.S. space agency, a record later surpassed with the 2013 class—and all but one of them have since flown into space, with another on the brink of a second mission.

On 29 June, as a full decade passes since the class now known as the “Chumps” was first introduced to the world, their ranks have accrued over 3.4 years in space and more than 94 hours of spacewalking in 15 sessions of Extravehicular Activity (EVA).


Jeanette Epps works with Expedition 38/39 astronauts Koichi Wakata and Rick Mastracchio in August 2013. Photo Credit: NASA

(...) The selection process had begun in September 2007, with applicants expected to possess the minimum requisite qualifications of a bachelor’s degree in science, engineering or mathematics and three years of relevant professional expertise or extensive experience flying high-performance jets. The deadline for applications closed on 1 July 2008 and, following six months of evaluations and interviews, on 29 June 2009 NASA announced its 20th class of astronaut candidates, 50 years after the legendary Mercury Seven. (...)

The group began training in August 2009 and soon earned the nickname of “the Chumps” from the previous astronaut class, reflecting—in a flipped-over sort of way—their own self-bestowed moniker of “Chimps”. Hopkins was first to draw an official mission assignment, named in February 2011 as a crew member for Expeditions 37/38 and launched on Soyuz TMA-10M in September 2013, shoulder-to-shoulder with Russian cosmonauts Oleg Kotov and Sergei Ryazansky. During his 166 days in space, Hopkins performed two EVAs, one of which fell on Christmas Eve and made him one of only a handful of astronauts to have spacewalked over the festive period.

In May 2014, Wiseman became the second of the Chumps to launch into orbit. Assigned to Expeditions 40 and 41, Wiseman launched aboard Soyuz TMA-13M with Russia’s Maksim Surayev and European Space Agency (ESA) Alexander Gerst, he went on to spend 165 days in space, chalking up a pair of EVAs and returning to Earth in November. Next to fly was Kjell Lindgren, who rode uphill with Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko—currently on-orbit—and Japan’s Kimiya Yui in July 2015. He logged 141 days in space, performing two spacewalks and returning home the following December. Kate Rubins flew for 115 days in July-October 2016 with Russian cosmonaut Anatoli Ivanishin and Japan’s Takuya Onishi, also logging a pair of EVAs and becoming only the 12th woman in history to venture outside her spacecraft in a pressurized space suit. (...)

Most recently, Serena Auñón-Chancellor stands as the most flight-experienced member of the Chumps, totaling almost 197 days during her long-duration ISS expedition with Alexander Gerst and Russia’s Sergei Prokopyev in June-December 2018, which was extended slightly following the high-altitude abort of Soyuz MS-10.

Left currently unflown is Jeanette Epps, who was assigned in January 2017 to fly aboard Soyuz MS-09 and might have become the first African-American long-duration resident of the ISS. However, a year later—for reasons which remain obscure—Epps was removed from the mission and replaced by Auñón-Chancellor, who moved forward from her own slot on Soyuz MS-11.

According to NASA’s Brandi Dean, Epps currently serves in the Mission Support Crew Branch of the astronaut office, with responsibilities covering Exploration, the testing of the Orion crew module “and a number of other activities”. As for Auñón-Chancellor herself, she is wrapping up post-flight rehabilitation from her 28 weeks in space, before rotating into another technical assignment within the office. (...)
https://www.americaspace.com/2019/06/30/a-decade-of-chumps-nasas-2009-astronaut-class-chalks-up-ten-years-of-space-experience/#more-108089

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #321 dnia: Lipiec 04, 2019, 13:47 »
STS-4 Columbia; Independence Day at NASA Dryden - July 4, 1982
July 4, 1982



President Ronald Reagan (in tan suit on podium, waving) acknowledges the cheers of thousands of flag-waving spectators gathered in front of the prototype Space Shuttle Enterprise at the back ramp at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center following the landing of shuttle Columbia on the fourth shuttle mission, July 4, 1982.

https://www.nasa.gov/centers/dryden/multimedia/imagegallery/Shuttle/EC82-18992.html

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #322 dnia: Lipiec 04, 2019, 14:30 »
<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tx08mOtojgw" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tx08mOtojgw</a>

Link do materiału: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tx08mOtojgw

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #323 dnia: Lipiec 04, 2019, 15:04 »
<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qKygqq8XMxo" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qKygqq8XMxo</a>

Link do materiału: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qKygqq8XMxo

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #324 dnia: Lipiec 11, 2019, 22:49 »
Dzisiaj mija 40 lat od zakończenia lotu amerykańskiej stacji kosmicznej Skylab.

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r6HXRHD4K5k" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r6HXRHD4K5k</a>

https://www.americaspace.com/2019/06/23/stronger-than-required-remembering-skylabs-end-40-years-on/
Intel Core i5-2320 3GHz/8GB RAM/AMD Radeon HD 7700 Series/HD 1 TB/Sony DVD ROM...

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #325 dnia: Lipiec 11, 2019, 23:41 »
A w tę rocznicę tego częściowo konrtolowanego spadku Vega zawiodła
http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=3724.msg134091#msg134091

Historic pics offer glimpse into Skylab crash
Phoebe Pin Thursday, 11 July 2019 4:59AM


Exact date unknown. Three men who found a huge chunk of Skylab are hoping he discovery will make their fortunes. They discovered the chunk by accident while searching for a missing man 10km south of Rawlinna.Picture: Dave Tanner.

https://thewest.com.au/news/kalgoorlie-miner/historic-pics-offer-glimpse-into-skylab-crash-ng-b881255805z
« Ostatnia zmiana: Lipiec 13, 2019, 10:05 wysłana przez Orionid »

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #326 dnia: Lipiec 11, 2019, 23:50 »
Apollo at 50? How about 40 years since Skylab smacked into Australia

How the Sun and a delayed Space Shuttle led to the crash landing of Skylab in Oz
By Richard Speed 11 Jul 2019 at 06:13

(...) Some pieces of debris were shipped back to the US for analysis and subsequent display in museums. Others remained in Australia. The small Esperance Municipal Museum proudly shows a model of Skylab in its grounds and the wreckage collected by citizens is displayed within, including an oxygen tank, freezer and a hatch.

While NASA continues to prepare for the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 landing, it is also worth noting that that it is also the 40th anniversary of its engineers regaining control of a 77,000 kg (169,756lb) derelict space station and successfully sending it back to Earth without injuring a soul.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/07/11/skylab_reentry_at_40/

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #327 dnia: Lipiec 13, 2019, 10:05 »
Wtedy nadspodziewanie wysoka aktywność słoneczna spowodowała skrócenie o kilka lat przebywania na orbicie Skylaba. Astronauci nie zdążyli uratować stacji.

Dokumentalny materiał o stacji:


<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z44fgHow65c" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z44fgHow65c</a>

Link do materiału: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z44fgHow65c

Przy końcu filmu można zobaczyć spadające szczątki Skylaba do atmosfery (od ok. 7m 30s nagrania).

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hTYGcKk0W3E" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hTYGcKk0W3E</a>

Link do materiału: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hTYGcKk0W3E

The Last Hurrah: Skylab’s 1978-1979 Unmanned Mission
by Emily Carney | May 14, 2017

(...) This mission, STS-2A, was to be crewed by commander Fred Haise (who had recently commanded three Shuttle Approach and Landing Test missions)and pilot Jack Lousma, and was due to launch in mid-1979. Notably, Lousma had been Skylab 3’s pilot during its 59-day-long 1973 mission; STS-2A would’ve made him the first person in spaceflight history to visit Skylab twice. (...)

One myth often repeated about Skylab regards the nature of its infamous reentry. Contrary to popular belief, it did not have an uncontrolled return back to Earth. (...)

By mid-1979, the focus shifted from keeping Skylab in orbit to minimizing the possible effects of its remnants coming down uponpopulated areas. According to Homesteading Space, the battle-scarred space station was placed, again, into the high-drag SI mode. As altitude decreased, Skylab was placed in TEA mode to provide counterbalance, preventing the space station from going out of control. At eighty miles in altitude, the CMGs were turned off, allowing Skylab to begin its final tumble from orbit.

While most of America’s first space station fell over the Indian Ocean, parts of it hit near Perth in Western Australia. The orbital fortress that had, six years previously, arrived in orbit with parts missingironically proved to be too strong to break up completely over an ocean. Skylab came to an end on July 11, 1979, the same month Haise and Lousma were meant to save it. All things must pass away.
https://space.nss.org/the-last-hurrah-skylabs-1978-1979-unmanned-mission/
https://space.nss.org/a-few-things-you-probably-didnt-know-about-skylab-covered-in-searching-for-skylab/

Skylab's 40th anniversary reminds us of the danger from space debris

Nasa's Skylab fell to Earth after budget cuts left it stranded in space. More than three decades later we are still struggling with the threat from space debris
Stuart Clark Mon 13 May 2013 07.00 BST First published on Mon 13 May 2013 07.00 BST


One of the last pictures of Skylab taken before it was left to re-enter the Earth's atmosphere. Photograph: Nasa

Today Nasa will commemorate the 40th anniversary of Skylab, America's first space station, launched on 14 May 1973. In a televised discussion, Skylab astronauts, a current astronaut and agency managers are expected to discuss its legacy and the future of manned space flight.

Skylab was a historic mission. It was part of an initiative to reuse the hardware Nasa developed to land on the moon. It was launched into space on the last of the giant Saturn V rockets to ever make it into orbit.

Skylab's greatest scientific contribution was its continuous monitoring of solar activity. The three-man astronaut crews would each control the special telescope in four-hour shifts, taking images and data that revealed the sun in a way we had never seen before.


A coronal mass ejection captured on film by Skylab in 1973. Photograph: Corbis

About 160,000 images of the sun were collected during the nine months that Skylab was manned.

They discovered the coronal mass ejections (CMEs). These giant eruptions of solar gas behave like magnetic cannonballs. Usually triggered by solar flares, the CMEs charge through space carrying magnetic and electrical energy. If one hits Earth, its battle with our magnetic field can cause havoc to our communications and other electrical systems.

Skylab's first commander Charles "Pete" Conrad said that his command of Skylab meant more to him than his walk on the moon. He explained in a BBC documentary that part of his reason for this viewpoint was being able to run the solar telescope and bring back a tremendous amount of information that nobody had seen before.


Skylab commander Charles 'Pete' Conrad. Photograph: AP

Solar activity's effect on Earth's electrical systems is now a principal concern for many people. So is the danger of space debris. Here too, Skylab has a valuable lesson to teach.

In 1974, after three Skylab crews had inhabited the space station, Nasa ran out of rockets and money. All future investment was being channelled towards the space shuttle programme, which Nasa believed would launch its first mission in 1979.

So Skylab was abandoned. However, Nasa had intended that the second shuttle mission would carry a specially designed booster that would lift the space station to a higher orbit where it could await refurbishment.

The trouble was, the sun had other ideas. The very solar activity that Skylab had studied so fruitfully now turned against it.

An unexpected rise in the number of CMEs and other radiation slamming into Earth heated our atmosphere so much that it expanded. This increased the drag on Skylab and began to pull it out of orbit faster than Nasa had reckoned.

By late 1977, it was estimated that Skylab would re-enter in mid-1979. With the space shuttle rescue mission slated for July 1979, the race was on.

In December 1978, Nasa gave up. Delays meant that the shuttle programme would be years late. Nothing could prevent the 85-tonne space station from crashing to Earth.

Making matters worse was that early in 1978, a nuclear-powered Russian satellite had fallen into northern Canada, drawing media attention and generating public dismay. Although Skylab had no nuclear material on board, the world was starting to realise what goes up must come down.

Controllers aimed Skylab at the southern ocean, some 1,300 kilometres southeast of Cape Town, South Africa. But the station overshot and struck western Australia, where large chunks were collected.


A customs officer inspects a one-tonne piece of debris from Skylab at San Francisco International Airport on 25 July 1979, two weeks after the space station fell to Earth in Australia. Photograph: AP

Today, almost 35 years after Skylab's dramatic return to Earth, the aerospace community is still wrestling with the problem of space debris. Nasa is already discussing how to safely de-orbit the much larger International Space Station, and the Royal Aeronautical Society in the UK is holding a one-day conference in July on Space Traffic Control.

Nasa's Skylab 40th anniversary broadcast is scheduled for 13 May at 7.30pm BST (2.30pm Eastern Time).
https://www.theguardian.com/science/across-the-universe/2013/may/13/skylab-40th-anniversary-space-debris

Materiały w różnych wątkach dotyczące stacji orbitalnej Skylab:

Artykuły astronautyczne:

[SHB]Reviving & Reusing Skylab in the Shuttle Era: NASA Marshall's November 1977
http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=3084.msg112682#msg112682

[SHB] A Bridge from Skylab to Station/Shuttle: Interim Space Station Program (1971)
http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=3070.msg112297#msg112297

[SHB] What If a Crew Became Stranded On Board the Skylab Space Station? (1972)
http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=3062.msg112041#msg112041

[SHB] Skylab-Salyut Space Laboratory (1972)
http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=3059.msg111906#msg111906

[SHB] "Still Under Active Consideration": Five Proposed Earth-Orbital Apollo Missions for the 1970s (1971) http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=2881.msg104938#msg104938

Artykuły astronautyczne

Inne wątki:

Skylab [Film dokumentalny z lat siedemdziesiątych] http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=1200.msg47373#msg47373

Skylab 40 rocznica fologaleria http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=1291.msg49975#msg49975

Misja ratunkowa Skylab (1972) http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=310.msg4894#msg4894

NASA FACTS: Skylab -- 1973-1974 http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=1720.msg62744#msg62744

Mission Report-13 (Skylab SL1 & SL2) http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=1717.msg62728#msg62728

Mission Report-14 (Skylab SL3)  http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=1718.msg62736#msg62736

Mission Report-15 (Skylab SL4  http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=1719.msg62739#msg62739

Artykuły Nowickiego i Zięciny http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=1267.msg49149#msg49149

Wątki poświęcone zmarłym członkom załóg  stacji orbitalnej Skylab

Charles Conrad (1930-1999) http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=3717.msg133955#msg133955
William Reid Pogue (1930-2014) http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=1751.msg64082#msg64082
Paul Joseph Weitz (1932-2017) http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=3026.msg110863#msg110863
Alan LaVern Bean (1932-2018) http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=3225.msg118769#msg118769
Owen Kay Garriott (1930-2019) http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=3601.msg131160#msg131160

Kalendarium wydarzeń historycznych:

Pierwsze spędzanie nowego roku w kosmosie
http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=800.msg125860#msg125860

Rocznica wyniesienia na orbitę stacji Skylab
http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=800.msg118586#msg118586

40. rocznica deorbitacji stacji
http://www.forum.kosmonauta.net/index.php?topic=800.msg134123#msg134123

Kosmonauta.net:

Obchody 40. rocznicy misji Skylab
BY REDAKCJA ON 7 MAJA 2013
https://kosmonauta.net/2013/05/obchody-40-rocznicy-misji-skylab/

40 lat temu: amerykańska stacja kosmiczna Skylab (cz. 1)
BY REDAKCJA ON 19 MAJA 2013
https://kosmonauta.net/2013/05/2013-05-19-skylab-cz1/

40 lat temu: amerykańska stacja kosmiczna Skylab (cz. 2)
BY REDAKCJA ON 16 CZERWCA 2013
https://kosmonauta.net/2013/06/2013-06-16-skylab-2/

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #328 dnia: Lipiec 13, 2019, 11:05 »
Myślę że stacja Skylab zasługuje na oddzielny wątek. Poza tym szkoda że Skylab nie doczekał lotów wahadłowców. Ciekawe czy i jak odmiennie wyglądałby wówczas program STS?  Chyba w 1984 Regał nie musiałby ogłaszać inicjatywy stacji orbitalnej bo taka by jeszcze latała nad głowami. Poza tym ciekawe jak długo można by wykorzystywać Skylaba do lotów załogowych?

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Odp: Kalendarium historycznych wydarzeń
« Odpowiedź #329 dnia: Lipiec 13, 2019, 14:14 »
Myślę że stacja Skylab zasługuje na oddzielny wątek.
Wątków dotyczących Skylaba jest wiele i nie jestem pewien czy lepiej jeden zmienić na bardziej centrowy czy założyć nowy ?
Poza tym szkoda że Skylab nie doczekał lotów wahadłowców. Ciekawe czy i jak odmiennie wyglądałby wówczas program STS?  Chyba w 1984 Regał (1) nie musiałby ogłaszać inicjatywy stacji orbitalnej bo taka by jeszcze latała nad głowami. Poza tym ciekawe jak długo można by wykorzystywać Skylaba do lotów załogowych?
Skylab pewnie jeszcze kilka dobrych  lat mógłby podziałać. Plany ratowania stacji wyraźnie wskazywały na przyszłe plany jej używania, a w ramach  istniejącego budżetu  promy mogłyby rzadziej startować , w sytuacji wydłużonej obecności na orbicie człowieka.
Może jedno z europejskich laboratoriów  Spacelab zostałoby przeprojektowane do potrzeby Skylaba ?

PS: (1) Prawidłowa pisownia: Reagan
« Ostatnia zmiana: Lipiec 13, 2019, 19:06 wysłana przez Orionid »