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United States Astronaut Hall of Fame
« dnia: Maj 21, 2016, 01:06 »
BRIAN DUFFY        oraz
SCOTT PARAZYNSKI        zostali uhonorowani za zasługi.

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, Fla — Former Space Shuttle astronauts Brian Duffy and Scott Parazynski joined the United States Astronaut Hall of Fame in a star-studded ceremony held on Saturday, May 14, under Space Shuttle Atlantis at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex.

With nine missions between them, the duo inducted into the AHoF have an extensive space flight history that made them a perfect fit for the prestigious group they are now joining. These include well-known U.S. astronauts such as John Glenn, Neil Armstrong, Sally Ride and Jim Lovell.
« Ostatnia zmiana: Styczeń 29, 2017, 18:16 wysłana przez Orionid »

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Odp: United States Astronaut Hall of Fame
« Odpowiedź #1 dnia: Grudzień 22, 2018, 15:39 »
Shuttle veterans Buchli, Kavandi to enter Astronaut Hall of Fame

December 21, 2018 — A member of NASA's "Thirty-Five New Guys" and the 35th woman to fly into space will enter the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame in April.

James Buchli, who joined the "TFNG," NASA's first class of shuttle astronauts, in 1978, and Janet Kavandi, who today leads a NASA research center in Ohio, will be enshrined in the Astronaut Hall of Fame as its 2019 inductees at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in Florida. A public ceremony on Saturday, April 6, 2019, followed by a gala dinner hosted by the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation, will welcome Buchli and Kavandi into the Hall's ranks. (...)

Buchli and Kavandi, who on April 6 will be the 98th and 99th astronauts to enter the Hall of Fame, were selected by a panel of astronauts, flight controllers, historians and journalists overseen by the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation

James Buchli
Janet Kavandi
« Ostatnia zmiana: Grudzień 22, 2018, 15:47 wysłana przez Orionid »

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Odp: United States Astronaut Hall of Fame
« Odpowiedź #2 dnia: Kwiecień 06, 2019, 23:43 »


Former NASA astronauts Jim Buchli and Janet Kavandi are inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame Class of 2019 during a ceremony on April 6, 2019, inside the Space Shuttle Atlantis attraction at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in Florida. They unveiled their plaques, which will be placed in the Hall of Fame at the visitor complex.
Credits: NASA/Cory Huston

April 6, 2019
RELEASE 19-023
Veteran NASA Astronauts Inducted into US Astronaut Hall of Fame

Janet Kavandi, director of NASA’s Glenn Research Center, and James Buchli are the latest veteran NASA astronauts to join the ranks of the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame.

"The pioneering spirit we see in every astronaut is truly exemplified by this year's inductees,” said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine. "Janet Kavandi and James Buchli represent the best of America’s astronauts, and I congratulate them for achieving this prestigious honor. Each has contributed greatly to the NASA mission, and their efforts have helped lay the groundwork for where we are today — including Janet's leadership directing Glenn’s Moon to Mars work — as we chart a course for a return of American astronauts to the lunar surface in five years, and eventually on to Mars.”

Bob Cabana, director of NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida and a 2008 inductee, was among the speakers at the ceremony, which took place Saturday at Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, and now brings the total number of hall of fame space explorers to 99.

Kavandi was a member of NASA’s 15th class of astronaut candidates, selected in 1994. She is a veteran of three space shuttle missions, serving as a mission specialist on STS-91 in 1998, STS-99 in 2000, and STS-104 in 2001. She has logged more than 33 days in space, traveling more than 13.1 million miles in 535 Earth orbits.

During her time in the NASA Astronaut Office, Kavandi supported International Space Station payload integration, capsule communications and robotics, and served as deputy chief of the Astronaut Office. She became the director of Glenn in 2016.

Buchli was part of NASA’s 1978 astronaut candidate class. He was a member of the space shuttle support crew for STS-1 and STS-2, both in 1981, and served as on-orbit capsule communicator for STS-2. A veteran of four space flights, Buchli has orbited Earth 319 times, traveling 7.74 million miles over a span of more than 20 days. He served as a mission specialist on STS-51C in 1985, STS-61A in 1985, STS-29 in 1989, and STS-48 in 1991. From March 1989 until May 1992, he also served as deputy chief of the Astronaut Office.

The Astronaut Scholarship Foundation selects astronauts for induction into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame, which was founded more than 30 years ago by the six surviving Mercury 7 astronauts as a venue where space travelers could be remembered and honored.

For more information about NASA’s astronauts, visit:
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« Odpowiedź #3 dnia: Kwiecień 09, 2019, 19:34 »
Astronaut Hall of Fame adds shuttle fliers Jim Buchli, Janet Kavandi

April 8, 2019 — Although their own space missions came decades after the first humans landed on the moon, Jim Buchli and Janet Kavandi have now joined the same ranks as Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin. (...)

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« Odpowiedź #4 dnia: Luty 01, 2020, 22:57 »
Three history-making space fliers to enter Astronaut Hall of Fame

The U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame will induct Michael Lopez-Alegria, Pamela Melroy and Scott Kelly in a May 2020 ceremony at NASA's Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in Florida. (NASA)

January 21, 2020 — A record-setting spacewalker, one of only two women who commanded the space shuttle and the American who logged the longest U.S. spaceflight to date will be inducted into the Astronaut Hall of Fame this spring.

Michael Lopez-Alegria, Pamela Melroy and Scott Kelly, who between them flew on 10 missions to the Hubble Space Telescope and International Space Station, will be honored for their careers as veteran NASA astronauts. Their enshrinement, at a public ceremony to be held at Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in Florida on May 16, will raise the Astronaut Hall of Fame's ranks to 102 members out of the almost 350 men and women who have been part of NASA's corps since 1959.

"As we enter the year 2020, we are particularly excited to welcome these accomplished astronauts into the United States Astronaut Hall of Fame," Curt Brown, a 2013 inductee and the board chairman of the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation, which oversees the selection process, said in a statement. "They exemplify bravery, dedication and passion and their hard work has paved the way for what promises to be an unprecedented new decade of space exploration and interplanetary travel."

Reacting to their selection, Lopez-Alegria, Melroy and Kelly each said they were honored in interviews conducted individually with collectSPACE.

"I really had no idea what the odds were, but I am very, very proud of having been picked," said Lopez-Alegria.

"I am humbled that my peers and the distinguished people who made this decision were even considering me," Melroy said. "I am also very excited, it is going to be a wonderful thing."

"It is an honor," said Kelly. "It is a career that I put 20 years of my life into, so it is great to be recognized and appreciated."

Chosen to be astronauts as members of consecutive NASA classes in 1992, 1994 and 1996 respectively, Lopez-Alegria, Melroy and Kelly had overlapping careers.

Michael Lopez-Alegria flew four times to space, logging more than 257 days off the planet. A retired U.S. Navy captain, naval aviator and one-time aquanaut as a member of a NASA NEEMO mission aboard the Aquarius undersea laboratory in 2001, Lopez-Alegria helped to assemble the International Space Station on shuttle missions STS-73 in 1995, STS-92 in 2000 and STS-113 in 2002.

U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame class of 2020 inductees Pam Melroy and Michael Lopez-Alegria were STS-92 crewmates on what was Melroy's first and Lopez-Alegria's second spaceflight. (NASA)

Lopez-Alegria then commanded Expedition 14, the space station's 14th resident crew, from September 2006 through April 2007, during which he set records while working outside the orbiting laboratory. He retains the title as the American with the most cumulative time on spacewalks at 67 hours and 40 minutes, and is tied with former NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson for the most extravehicular activities (EVAs) by an American at ten.

Beyond his spacewalking feats, Lopez-Alegria said his personal history also sets his astronaut experience apart from many others.

"If you look at my 23andMe [DNA profile], I am not American in any way, shape or form," he said with a laugh, referring to his being born in Spain. "That might be an inspiration for kids in a similar situation."

"It doesn't necessarily have to do with the human factors of space, but it is spaceflight done by someone who doesn't look or feel like everyone else," he said.

Since leaving NASA in 2012, Lopez-Alegria has served as the president of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation and as a consultant to traditional and commercial space companies. He also is the past president of the Association of Space Explorers, an international professional and educational organization of current and former astronauts, including Melroy and Kelly.

Pamela Melroy flew the first of her three space shuttle missions with Lopez-Alegria as a crewmate.

"She was the only rookie on the crew and she was drinking from a fire hose the whole time but never spilled a drop," said Lopez-Alegria of his fellow inductee. "It was so amazing to watch her transform from 'the rookie' throughout training and even on launch day to the time we were ready to deorbit to the seasoned veteran."

"Her metamorphosis was brilliant to watch," he said.

"Mike has always been a fantastic friend," Melroy told collectSPACE. "And to carry on that relationship from flying together as crewmates to now being colleagues in a different place in our careers, as well as friends, is terrific."

A retired U.S. Air Force pilot with over 5,000 hours of flight time in over 50 different aircraft, Melroy was only the second U.S. woman to pilot and then command a space mission. (The first, Eileen Collins, was inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame in 2013.) Melroy was pilot on STS-92 and STS-112 in 2002, before she led the STS-120 crew in 2007. All three of her flights contributed to the assembly of the International Space Station.

"When I talk about my career as an astronaut, you have to talk about building the station. For my generation of astronauts, that was our contribution," Melroy said.

After retiring from the astronaut office in 2009, Melroy became the acting deputy associate administrator for commercial space transportation at the Federal Aviation Administration and held positions with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. She is now CEO of Melroy & Hollett Technology Partners and the director of space technology and policy at Nova Systems in Australia, as well as serves on the User Advisory Group for the National Space Council and advisory group to the Australian Space Agency.

Scott Kelly holds the title for the longest single space mission by a U.S. astronaut, a record that was once held by Lopez-Alegria.

U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame class of 2020 inductees Michael Lopez-Alegria and Scott Kelly, seen here together in 2016, both set U.S. space mission duration records on the International Space Station: 215 days by Lopez-Alegria in 2007 and 340 days by Kelly in 2016. (Rep. Brian Babin)

"The record represents a lot of hard work by a lot of people, not just me, but also my colleagues who have spent progressively, increasingly longer lengths of time in space," said Kelly. "If we're going to become a spacefaring nation and continue to explore outer space, it's something that we have to do. We need to understand the impacts on our physiology and how to support crews in space for longer periods of time."

"I look at it as a continuation of our spaceflight experience. I expect that within the next few years, an American will have stayed in space longer than I," he said.

A retired U.S. Navy captain, test pilot and also a NEEMO aquanaut, Kelly shares the distinction with his brother, Mark, of being the first identical twins to both become astronauts. Kelly flew four times to space, including serving as pilot on the third mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope, STS-103 in 1999. His next flights were to the International Space Station, including a 12-day shuttle mission, STS-118 in 2007, and five-month stay, Expedition 25/26, in 2011.

Kelly's fourth flight marked the first "one-year" mission on board the International Space Station, 340 days long, bringing his total time in space to over 520 days.

"I got to do some incredible things and I feel like I've been very privileged with the opportunities I had at NASA," he said.

Since leaving the U.S. space agency in 2016, Kelly was appointed United Nations Champion for Space and has become a best-selling author.

Following their induction ceremony, which will take place under the display of the retired space shuttle Atlantis at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, Lopez-Alegria, Melroy and Kelly will be celebrated at a black-tie gala hosted by the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation.

Lopez-Alegria, Melroy and Kelly were selected for enshrinement by a panel of Astronaut Hall of Fame members, flight controllers, historians and journalists. To be eligible, astronauts need to be U.S. citizens trained by NASA who first orbited Earth at least 17 years prior to their induction.

U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame class of 2020 inductees Pam Melroy (at top left) and Michael Lopez-Alegria (at top right) on board the shuttle Discovery with their STS-92 crewmates, including previous Hall of Fame honoree Brian Duffy (at center bottom). (NASA)

Founded in 1990 on the suggestion of the then-surviving Mercury astronauts, the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame is a featured part of Heroes & Legends, an attraction at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex.

The U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame, as featured in Heroes & Legends at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in Florida. (KSCVC)

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« Odpowiedź #5 dnia: Luty 06, 2020, 07:38 »
USA Inducted in 2001

Photograph of Eileen Marie Collins

The first woman to command a Space Shuttle mission.

Eileen Marie Collins was born on November 19, 1956 in Elmira, New York. Her parents encouraged her dream of becoming a pilot and she earned her license while in college. She graduated from Elmira Free Academy in 1974, and received an Associate of Science degree in Mathematics from Corning Community College in 1976. She then attended Syracuse University, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in Mathematics and Economics in 1978. She also received a Master of Science degree in Operations Research from Stanford University in 1986 and a Master of Arts degree in Space Systems Management from Webster University in 1989.

In 1979, Collins graduated from Air Force Undergraduate Pilot Training at Vance Air Force Base (AFB), Oklahoma. She then served as a T-38 instructor pilot at Vance until 1982. From 1983 to 1985, she was a C-141 aircraft commander and instructor pilot at Travis AFB, California, and took part in the invasion of Grenada in October 1983. In 1986, Collins attended the Air Force Institute of Technology at Wright-Patterson AFB in Dayton, Ohio. From 1986 to 1989, she was assigned to the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado, as an assistant professor in mathematics and a T-41 instructor pilot. She graduated from the Air Force Test Pilot School at Edwards AFB, California in 1990. Colonel Collins has logged over 5,000 hours in 30 different types of aircraft.

Selected by NASA in January 1990, Eileen Collins became an astronaut in July 1991. Initially assigned to Orbiter engineering support, she has also served on the astronaut support team responsible for Orbiter pre-launch checkout, final launch configuration, crew ingress/egress, landing/recovery; worked in Mission Control as a spacecraft communicator (CAPCOM); and served variously as the Astronaut Office Spacecraft Systems Branch Chief, the Chief Information Officer, the Shuttle Branch Chief, and the Astronaut Safety Branch Chief.

A veteran of four space shuttle missions (all of which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida) Colonel Collins has logged over 537 hours in space. She first entered space on STS-63 Discovery from February 3 to 11, 1995, on the first flight of the new joint Russian-American Space Program. Mission highlights included the rendezvous with the Russian Space Station Mir, operation of Spacelab, the deployment and retrieval of an astronomy satellite, and a space walk. On this mission Eileen Collins became the first woman to pilot a Space Shuttle.

Her next space flight was as Pilot for STS-84 Atlantis, from May 15 to 25, 1997. This was NASA's sixth Shuttle mission to rendezvous and dock with Mir. During the flight, the crew conducted a number of secondary experiments and transferred nearly four tons of supplies and experiment equipment between Atlantis and the Russian space station.

Eileen Collins returned to space as Commander of STS-93 Columbia from July 23 to 27, 1999, the first woman to command a space shuttle mission. This flight was highlighted by the deployment of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. Designed to conduct comprehensive studies of the universe, the telescope has enabled scientists to study exotic phenomena such as exploding stars, quasars, and black holes. As with her first two shuttle missions, STS-93 landed at KSC.

Colonel Collins also commanded STS-114 Discovery, from July 26 to August 9, 2005. This was the "Return to Flight" mission (after the Columbia disaster of February 1, 2003). Once in orbit, the shuttle docked with the International Space Station and the crew tested and evaluated new procedures for flight safety and shuttle inspection and repair techniques. After a two-week, 5,800,000-mile journey, the orbiter and its crew of seven astronauts landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California.

Colonel Eileen Collins has received many awards, including the Defense Superior Service Medal, Distinguished Flying Cross, Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Air Force Meritorious Service Medal with one oak leaf cluster, Air Force Commendation Medal with one oak leaf cluster, Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal for service in Grenada (Operation Urgent Fury), French Legion of Honor, NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal, NASA Space Flight Medals, Free Spirit Award, and the National Space Trophy. She retired from the Air Force on May 1, 2006 to pursue private interests.

Eileen Collins quote:

"When I was a child, I dreamed about space - I admired pilots, astronauts, and I've admired explorers of all kinds. It was only a dream that I would someday be one of them. It is my hope that all children "boys and girls" will see this mission and be inspired to reach for their dreams, because dreams do come true!" (Upon being named the first female shuttle commander.)

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« Odpowiedź #6 dnia: Marzec 18, 2020, 11:06 »
USA Inducted in 1996

Photograph of Norman Thagard

First American on the Russian Mir Space Station.

Norman Thagard was born on July 3, 1943, in Marianna, Florida, but considers Jacksonville, Florida his hometown. Thagard told his high school classmates that he wanted to be a medical doctor, a fighter pilot, an engineer, and an astronaut. He became all four. He graduated from Paxon Senior High School in Jacksonville in 1961. Thagard attended Florida State University (FSU), and received Bachelor and Master of Science degrees in Engineering Science from FSU in 1965 and 1966, respectively. In 1977 he earned a Doctor of Medicine degree from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School.

In September 1966, Thagard entered active duty with the United States Marine Corps Reserve. He achieved the rank of captain in 1967, and was designated a naval aviator in 1968, assigned to fly F-4s with VMFA-333 at the Marine Corps Air Station in Beaufort, South Carolina. He flew 163 combat missions in Vietnam while assigned to VMFA-115 from January 1969 to 1970. He then returned to the United States to be an aviation weapons division officer with VMFA-251 at Beaufort. He has logged over 2,200 hours flying time, the majority in jet aircraft.

Thagard resumed his academic studies in 1971, and after earning his doctorate in 1977, interned in the Department of Internal Medicine at the Medical University of South Carolina. Dr. Thagard was selected to be an astronaut candidate by NASA in January 1978, and became eligible for future space shuttle missions in August 1979. He was a mission specialist on STS-7 in 1983, STS 51-B in 1985, and STS-30 in 1989. He was payload commander on STS-42 in 1992, and served as a cosmonaut-researcher on the Russian Mir-18 mission in 1995.

Dr. Thagard's first entered space aboard STS-7 on June 8, 1983. Like all shuttle flights it launched from Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Florida. This was the second flight for the Orbiter Challenger and the first mission with a crew of five. The crew deployed satellites for Canada and Indonesia and operated the Canadian-built Remote Manipulator System (RMS) to perform the first deployment and retrieval exercise with the Shuttle Pallet Satellite (Dr. Thagard retrieved the rotating satellite with the RMS). The mission included the first formation flying of the Orbiter with a free-flying satellite and carried the first U.S./German cooperative materials science payload. During the flight Dr. Thagard also conducted various medical tests and collected data on physiological changes associated with astronaut adaptation to space. After 147 hours, the Challenger landed at Edwards Air Force Base (AFB), California, on June 24, 1983.

Norman Thagard next entered space on STS 51-B Challenger, the Spacelab-3 science mission, which launched on April 29, 1985. He assisted the commander and pilot on ascent and entry. Thagard's duties on orbit included satellite deployment operation with the NUSAT satellite as well as caring for the 24 rats and two squirrel monkeys contained in the Research Animal Holding Facility. After 110 orbits of the Earth, in 168 hours Challenger landed at Edwards AFB on May 6, 1985.

Thagard was aboard STS-30 Atlantis, which launched on May 4, 1989. During this mission crewmembers deployed the Magellan Venus-exploration spacecraft (the first U.S. planetary science mission in nine years), which was also the first planetary probe to be deployed from the Shuttle. In addition the crew worked on secondary payloads involving fluid research in chemistry and electrical storm studies. Following 64 orbits in 97 hours Atlantis landed at Edwards AFB on May 8, 1989.

Dr. Thagard next served as payload commander on STS-42 Discovery, which lifted off on January 22, 1992. Fifty-five major experiments conducted in the International Microgravity Laboratory-1 module were provided by investigators from eleven countries, and represented a broad spectrum of scientific disciplines. During 128 orbits of the Earth, the STS-42 crew investigated the effects of microgravity on materials processing and life sciences. Experiments included investigating microgravity's effects on the growth of protein and semiconductor crystals. Biological experiments included the effects of zero gravity on living tissues, bacteria, insects, and human vestibular response were also conducted. After eight days in orbit, STS-42 landed at Edwards AFB on January 30, 1992.

Dr. Thagard's fifth space flight was as a cosmonaut-researcher on the Russian Mir EO-18 crew on the space station Mir, along with cosmonauts Vladimir Nikolayevich Dezhurov and Gennadi Mikhailovich Strekalov. Liftoff was from the Baikanor Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on March 14, 1995. Thagard became the first American to train on Russian soil, the first to enter space aboard a non-American craft, and the first American occupant of the Mir. He helped conduct 28 experiments in the course of the 115-day flight. Thagard, Dezhurov and Strekalov landed at KSC aboard STS-71 Atlantis on July 7, 1995.

With the completion of his fifth mission, Dr. Thagard logged over 140.56 days in space.

Norman Thagard is currently a tenured professor of electrical engineering and dean of public relations at the FSU/FAMU College of Engineering. He also serves as the director of the Challenger Learning Center in Tallahassee, Florida, and is on the boards of various private corporations.

Captain Thagard has earned eleven Air Medals, the Navy Commendation Medal with Combat "V" and the Marine Corps "E" Award, the Vietnam Service Medal, and the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry with Palm.

Norm Thagard quote:

"I thought it was extremely ironic, because when I was flying missions in Vietnam in 1969 as an F-4 pilot, I thought that there was an excellent chance that at some point in time I'd have interactions with the Russians, but I thought it would be of a somewhat different nature than they turned out. If anyone in 1969 had ever told me that I would wind up having a captain in the Russian force as a commander, I would have said, 'You're crazy.'"

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