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Artykuły o Axiom-1
« dnia: Maj 21, 2020, 06:43 »
NASA working with Tom Cruise to film movie on the International Space Station
May 5, 2020 Stephen Clark

Tom Cruise in “Top Gun: Maverick.” Credit: Paramount Pictures

NASA said Tuesday it is working with Tom Cruise to film a movie on the International Space Station, but details on the arrangements are scarce.

The news that Cruise was in talks with to shoot an action-adventure film on the space station was first reported Monday by Deadline, which said the actor is working with SpaceX on the project.

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine tweeted Tuesday that the agency is “excited to work Tom Cruise on a film aboard the space station. We need popular media to inspire a new generation of engineers and scientists to make NASA’s ambitious plans a reality.”

Cruise, the 57-year-old star of Top Gun and the Mission: Impossible film franchise, has performed daring stunts before. NASA did not confirm Tuesday whether Cruise would himself fly to the space station as part of the film.

SpaceX has not confirmed its role in the film project, but Cruise could fly to the space station on the company’s Crew Dragon spaceship. The Crew Dragon is designed to carry up to four people to and from low Earth orbit, potentially room enough for Cruise, a small film crew and a professional astronaut in command.

Elon Musk, SpaceX’s founder and CEO, tweeted Tuesday: “Should be a lot of fun!”

NASA last year said it would enable private astronauts to spend up to 30 days on the International Space Station. The paying passengers would fly to the station on SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft or Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner crew capsule, the two human-rated spaceships developed by U.S. industry in partnership with NASA.

Private companies would pay for access to the orbiting research outpost, and the commercial companies would be responsible for funding the flight’s launch and trip to the space station.

The International Space Station viewed in 2018 from a departing Soyuz spacecraft. Credit: NASA/Roscosmos

Earlier this year, the space tourism company Space Adventures — which arranged the flight of Garriott and other wealthy passengers to the station on Russian spacecraft — announced an agreement with SpaceX to fly paying passengers on a Crew Dragon spacecraft without going to the space station. Instead, the Crew Dragon contracted by Space Adventures will fly on its own in Earth orbit, reaching altitudes hundreds of miles above the space station to provide passengers a more expansive view of Earth.

Axiom Space said in March that it signed a contract with SpaceX to ferry a professional astronaut and three paying passengers to the International Space Station as soon as next year.

Deadline reported Monday that the film project is “real” but in the “early stages” of development. No studio is attached yet to the film, Deadline reported.

Cruise narrated the 2002 IMAX documentary film Space Station 3D, which was filmed by astronauts during the assembly of the International Space Station. A short science fiction film named Apogee of Fear was filmed on the space station in 2008 by Richard Garriott, who paid for his trip to orbit on a Russian Soyuz spacecraft.

But celebrity spaceflights and past plans for filmmaking projects in orbit have faltered before reaching the launch pad.

Singer Lance Bass of NSYNC began training to fly on a Soyuz mission to the space station in 2002, but his sponsorships fell through. A Russian actor hoped to fly to the Russian space station Mir in 2000, but the project collapsed due to lack of funds

« Ostatnia zmiana: Wrzesień 14, 2021, 00:40 wysłana przez Orionid »

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Odp: [SFN] NASA working with Tom Cruise to film movie on the ISS
« Odpowiedź #1 dnia: Czerwiec 12, 2020, 22:10 »
Foust Forward | Tom Cruise, the ISS, and the challenges of making movies in space
by Jeff Foust — May 25, 2020 [SN]

Tom Cruise played an astronaut in the 2013 Universal Pictures film, Oblivion. Credit: NBC Universal.

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine has frequently discussed how the agency could be a beacon of hope during the coronavirus pandemic. He argued that missions like the upcoming SpaceX Demo-2 commercial crew test flight and launch of the Mars 2020 rover could uplift the public’s spirits and show what the nation was capable of doing during an otherwise dark chapter.

But those missions might get upstaged by Tom Cruise. The entertainment publication Deadline first reported May 4 that the superstar was in talks with both NASA and SpaceX to film an action adventure movie on the International Space Station. The article suggested that Cruise, known for doing many of his own stunts, would go to the station.

Bridenstine appeared to confirm that in a tweet the next day, writing that “NASA is excited to work with @TomCruise on a film aboard the @Space_Station!” The statement was a little ambiguous, though, leaving open the possibility that Cruise may stay on terra firma during the film’s production, just as he did when he narrated a 2002 IMAX documentary about the station.

The idea of producing a feature film or television show in space has been around for decades. The cash-strapped Russian space program of the post-Soviet era was interested in any project that could generate hard currency, which led to filming of commercials on Mir and the ISS for companies ranging from Radio Shack to an Israeli milk producer.

More ambitious projects, though, foundered. A Russian director, Yuri Kara, sought to fly two actors to Mir for what was described as a “sci-fi romance” film in the 1990s but failed to secure the funding. At the peak of his fame from the Survivor reality TV show, Mark Burnett proposed Destination: Mir, a reality show where the winner went to Mir, but the station crashed to Earth before the show could launch. And director James Cameron lobbied for years to fly to the ISS for a documentary but has remained grounded.

From a technical and legal standpoint, filming a movie on the ISS is now more feasible than ever. Commercial crew vehicles like Crew Dragon and Starliner offer improved access to the station, while Axiom Space is planning a commercial module for the ISS that could offer additional volume to accommodate filmmaking. NASA now has a commercial use policy for the ISS along with a price list for the use of space station resources.

The real challenge is, like so many other space-related ventures, closing the business case. A seat on a commercial crew vehicle is likely to cost at least $50 million, with a movie requiring at least two or three seats (say, two actors and a director/camera operator.) That’s as much as $150 million before accounting for the other costs of filming in space, as well as salaries, marketing and other expenses. By comparison, Cruise’s latest Mission: Impossible film, Mission: Impossible – Fallout, cost $178 million.

Moreover, you don’t need to go to space to make a convincing space film. While Gravity’s depiction of an orbital debris cascade wiping out everything in low Earth orbit was hyperbolic, much of the rest of the movie looked quite realistic. You didn’t need much suspension of disbelief to think that Sandra Bullock really was floating inside the space station, rather than a soundstage. And it cost just $100 million.

With the movie industry struggling right now — productions halted, new releases postponed and theaters closed — its appetite for an extremely expensive new project, even with a star like Cruise attached and the unique aspect of filming in space, might be limited. The Deadline article noted no studio had yet signed onto the project.

If anyone can make this work, it’s Cruise. In a 2018 interview with the magazine Empire, Cameron said he and Cruise discussed back in 2000 flying together on a Soyuz mission to the ISS for a film project, although the idea never got far. But in the end, it may be a mission even Ethan Hunt can’t accept.

« Ostatnia zmiana: Styczeń 27, 2021, 03:28 wysłana przez Orionid »

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Odp: [SFN] NASA working with Tom Cruise to film movie on the ISS
« Odpowiedź #2 dnia: Wrzesień 27, 2020, 20:26 »

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Odp: [SFN] Axiom finalizing agreements for private astronaut mission
« Odpowiedź #3 dnia: Wrzesień 28, 2020, 06:17 »
Axiom finalizing agreements for private astronaut mission to space station (1)
September 23, 2020 Stephen Clark

SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft approaches the International Space Station on May 31 with astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken on-board. Credit: NASA

The chief executive of Axiom Space says agreements with NASA, SpaceX, and fare-paying passengers should be finalized in the coming weeks for the launch of the first all-private crew to the International Space Station in October 2021, and former NASA astronaut Michael Lopez-Alegria is set to command the mission.

The roughly 10-day flight will be the first mission into Earth orbit to carry only private astronauts, without crew members from a government space agency. Axiom, a Houston-based company, announced the privately-funded mission in March.

Axiom said then that the mission would include a professional astronaut and three paying passengers flying on a SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft to the International Space Station in the second half of 2021.

Mike Suffredini, CEO of Axiom Space, said last week the Axiom and its partners aim to complete contracts in the coming weeks to enable the private mission to launch in October 2021.

“This really is going to be the first commercial flight (with private astronauts), so NASA is working with us to work through all of the unique aspects of that,” Suffredini said in an interview last week with Spaceflight Now. “It’s a short duration flight. So it’ll be relatively easy to implement.

“I say easy, but nothing’s easy in spaceflight,” Suffredini said. “But it’s as simple of a mission as we could be doing, which makes it good for all us. We’ve sorted out almost all the big details. I have to have a contract with NASA, where they affirm our ability to go fly, what the date is, what the requirements they want to levy on us officially are. So we’ve got to get the contract done.

“We’ve got to sign the contracts with our three customers, which we largely already have in place, and sign an update to the SpaceX contract,” Suffredini said. “We want to do that all together. We’re aiming for the end of September, but I’m guessing if we get it done before the end of October closes out, that’ll be a success.”

Suffredini managed the International Space Station program at NASA from 2005 to 2015, when he moved to the private sector. He co-founded Axiom Space with Houston entrepreneur Kam Ghaffarian to organize commercial flights to the International Space Station, and eventually develop a new commercial space station in low Earth orbit.

Officials have identified possible clients for the private space missions, including wealthy adventurers, filmmakers, researchers, and astronauts from nations with nascent space programs.

Suffredini declined to discuss the identities of the private astronauts slated to fly on Axiom’s first commercial mission, designated AX-1. The AX-1 mission will be the first in a series of missions Axiom is scheduling to go to the International Space Station.

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine confirmed in June that Axiom is working with Tom Cruise on a project to film a movie on the space station.

“Our customers are private astronauts on these flights, but we don’t fly any private astronauts without a professional astronaut,” Suffredini said. “So the flight will have four seats. We’ll have three customers and an Axiom professional astronaut.”

Shuttle and station veteran to command Axiom’s first private astronaut flight

Veteran NASA astronaut Michael Lopez-Alegria, who retired from the space agency in 2012, will accompany the private passengers on the AX-1 mission, Suffredini said.

Lopez-Alegria, 62, flew on three space shuttle missions in 1995, 2000 and 2002. He launched on a Russian Soyuz spcaecraft in 2006 and commanded the seven-month Expedition 14 mission on the International Space Station. Lopez-Alegria has logged more than 257 days in space on four flights.

Former NASA astronaut Michael Lopez-Alegria trains in 2006 inside a mock-up of the International Space Station’s Zvezda module in Star City, Russia. Credit: NASA

After retiring from the U.S. Navy in 2008 and leaving NASA in 2012, Lopez-Alegria, known as Mike L-A, became president of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation, an industry advocacy group. He’s now a consultant for Axiom, Suffredini said.

“Mike L-A is our commander for our first flight,” Suffredini said.

Lopez-Alegria has helped Axiom recruit prospective customers, and answer their questions about flying in space.

“It’s a very personal element to talk to various individuals who want to go fly,” Suffredini said of Lopez-Alegria’s role with Axiom to date. “It’s a huge experience. It’s a very big expense. It’s really about helping them understand what it’s really like, and helping them get comfortable. The way we do it is really a safe approach … We’re experienced.

“We know what it takes, and know what to expect,” Suffredini said. “That happens over a number of conversations. Mike’s been really instrumental over the past few years helping us be able to do that.”

Once the contracts for the AX-1 mission are in place, Lopez-Alegria will become a full-time Axiom employee, according to Suffredini.

Cruise plans to fly to the space station with director Doug Liman, and a third person will fill the remaining Crew Dragon seat, sources told Spaceflight Now. Officials have not publicly confirmed which Axiom mission Cruise will fly on.

“We’re happy to announce whenever our customers want it,” Suffredini said. “But what we’re finding out is a lot of our customers really aren’t interested in us talking about them too much, so we may not announce the individuals when we announce the flight.”

In some cases, passengers may not want to be publicly identified until closer to their launch date, Suffredini said.

The often-quoted commercial price to fly to the space station and back on a Crew Dragon spacecraft is roughly $50 million. Suffredini confirmed that price is “in the right ballpark.”

The private astronauts on the AX-1 mission will spend about eight days on the International Space Station, and around 10 days total in orbit, including the transit time between launch and docking, and from undocking until splashdown.

File photo of Mike Suffredini, CEO of Axiom Space. Credit: NASA

Astronauts flew into space for the first time on the Crew Dragon spacecraft in May. NASA astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken launched May 30 on top of a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket, and they reached the space station May 31.

The astronauts completed their 64-day test flight Aug. 2 with a parachute-assisted splashdown in the Gulf of Mexico, verifying the privately-owned Crew Dragon spacecraft can safely ferry people to and from the space station. The demonstration flight marked the first launch of astronauts into orbit from U.S. soil since the retirement of the space shuttle in 2011.

The successful test flight sets the stage for the first operational Crew Dragon flight scheduled for launch Oct. 23 with three NASA crew members and a Japanese astronaut.

NASA’s Crew-1 mission launching in October will span around six months. The Crew-2 mission, another NASA flight with the Crew Dragon capsule, is scheduled for launch next April. NASA has purchased at least six Dragon crew rotation missions through 2024, and the Dragon flights will eventually be supplemented with six operational crew rotation missions using Boeing’s Starliner spacecraft, once it begins flying astronauts.

The AX-1 flight set for liftoff in October with private astronauts will launch amid other regularly-scheduled Dragon missions with long-term space station crews.

While astronauts train more than a year to prepare for six-month expeditions on the space station, the private astronauts Axiom plans to fly for a week-and-a-half will undergo about 15 weeks of training, Suffredini said.

Axiom’s customers will spend about half of that time training in Southern California at SpaceX, which provides the Crew Dragon spacecraft, Falcon 9 launch vehicle, spacesuits, and recovery teams to greet the astronauts after their return to Earth. The other half of the training will primarily occur at the Johnson Space Center in Houston to familiarize the passengers with the space station itself, Suffredini said.

Axiom expects to soon sign final contracts for the AX-1 mission

One of the topics Axiom is negotiating with NASA involves how much insight the space agency will have into the private astronaut mission. While the Axiom missions will be managed by commercial companies, the AX-1 flight will fly with a reusable Crew Dragon spacecraft that will carry NASA astronauts on other missions.

“There’s a certain amount of insight (NASA) would like on our flight, on a commercial flight,” Suffredini said Friday. “So that is one aspect of that process. We’re using a vehicle that is going to be re-flown, and NASA will certify the re-flights because they want to do re-flights.”

Axiom and SpaceX will also have to confirm a schedule with NASA for the AX-1 mission to dock with the space station. The orbiting research complex has a busy schedule of arriving and departing crew and cargo vehicles, and managers also have slot in spacecraft dockings amid spacewalks, experiments, and other critical operations.

NASA also oversees safety of the space station with the program’s international partners.

But for the Axiom missions — with a privately-owned spacecraft and astronauts from the private sector — the companies themselves are ultimately responsible for the safety of the Dragon crew.

“I think NASA is probably going to be more involved in the first few flights,” Suffredini said. “Then the next few, we’ll see how that sorts out. That is one of the things to be sorted out.”

NASA is sorting out the safety approvals it might require for a private astronaut flight to approach the space station.

A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket and Crew Dragon spacecraft took off May 30 from the Kennedy Space Center on the first orbital spaceflight from U.S. soil since 2011. Credit: Walter Scriptunas II / Spaceflight Now

The Federal Aviation Administration licenses commercial launches in the United States. Securing regulatory approval for the launch of a private astronaut mission will follow similar processes used for other launches.

“Because we train at NASA facilities on the ground, there’s some liability there we have to sort through,” Suffredini said. “Then we have liabilities once we enter the sphere around the ISS, and that’s being sorted out.

“The big thing … is that we hold the commercial entities responsible for their aspects of the flight,” Suffredini said. “So SpaceX provides the ascent and re-entry, and that’s their responsibility. And we’re responsible for the crew’s overall training, their medical well-being, everything they do on ISS.”

Once NASA and Axiom come to a final agreement, Axiom will sign a contract with SpaceX specifying a launch schedule and the people flying on the AX-1 mission, Suffredini said. It will be an update to an earlier contract Axiom signed with SpaceX in December 2019 for a private astronaut mission.

“When we signed the SpaceX contract, NASA wasn’t very far along in their planning, so we had to sign it with assumptions,” Suffredini said.

NASA is looking to Axiom and other companies to develop a commercial market for human spaceflight in low Earth orbit after the International Space Station’s retirement, a goal agency leaders say will lower the cost of transportation and operations. In 2019, the space agency announced it would support private astronaut missions of up to 30 days to the space station.

NASA also unveiled a pricing structure for private astronauts who live and work on the space station, breaking out costs for access to the lab’s life support system, toilet, food, water, electricity and other necessities.. The space agency will charge around $35,000 per day for a private astronaut stay on the station.

The private astronaut flight opportunities arranged by Axiom could launch as often as two times per year, the company said.

NASA investment lays foundation for private astronaut missions

Self-funded space fliers to date have flown to the space station on Russian Soyuz spacecraft, joining crews comprised of government cosmonauts and astronauts.

SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft and Boeing’s Starliner capsule are only U.S. vehicles expected to be available to transport commercial crews to the International Space Station in the coming years. Both human-rated ships were developed in partnership with NASA, which has contracts with SpaceX and Boeing valued at a combined $6.8 billion to build the Crew Dragon and Starliner capsules and fly government astronauts to the space station.

Although NASA supported development of crew capsules, the SpaceX and Boeing vehicles are available for other customers.

Earlier this year, the space tourism company Space Adventures announced an agreement with SpaceX to fly paying passengers on a Crew Dragon spacecraft without going to the space station. Instead, the Crew Dragon will fly on its own in Earth orbit, reaching altitudes hundreds of miles above the space station to provide passengers a more expansive view of Earth.

Space Adventures brokered flights of seven wealthy space tourists on Russian Soyuz capsules between 2001 and 2009.

While Cruise and Liman pursue a Hollywood production in orbit, Russia’s space agency, Roscosmos, announced Tuesday it also plans to help film a Russian movie on the International Space Station in late 2021. Officials will select a protagonist and a backup during an open contest, Roscosmos said.

The Russian film is “aimed to popularize Russia’s space activities, as well as glorify (the) cosmonaut profession,” Roscosmos said.

Lopez-Alegria, the commander of the AX-1 mission, has flown with space tourist before. He launched with Anousheh Ansari, one of the Space Adventures clients, on a Soyuz rocket in 2006, then landed back on Earth with billionaire Charles Simonyi in 2007.

Gwynne Shotwell, SpaceX’s president and chief operating officer, said in August that she is “very comfortable” with a quick transition from the Crew Dragon test flight to the start of commercial service.

“This mission was incredibly smooth, not to say that there weren’t things we want to work on and do better next time, but the capsule worked beautifully,” Shotwell said after the splashdown of the Crew Dragon with Hurley and Behnken. “The operations worked extremely well, so we certainly feel comfortable that we’re on the right path to carry commercial passengers not too long from now.”

Shotwell said SpaceX’s ability to reuse each Crew Dragon spacecraft at least five times will help “change the paradigm of human spaceflight.”

“As a private company, SpaceX is looking at what the demand is,” said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine. “At NASA, our goal is to make sure that theres a big demand in the future. I would love see a fleet of Crew Dragons servicing not just the International Space Station, but also commercial space stations, which is why we’re working so hard every day to commercialize our activities in low Earth orbit.”

Hurley, who commanded the Crew Dragon test flight earlier this year, told reporters last month that he expects it will take a “few flights” before engineers can fully wring out the SpaceX capsule’s systems.

“I think it’s going to take a few flights — and I think that’s prudent — before we can consider this vehicle completely tested,” Hurley said. “And then as, we all know, the space business, like a lot of those technically challenging businesses, is not forgiving.”

Hurley said engineers should not let their guard down, and “don’t just assume that because the last flight went perfectly, that the next flight is going to go perfectly. You have to do that rigor, and that analysis, and that attention to detail. And you can’t get complacent. You can never get complacent with a space vehicle.”

Axiom plans regular commercial missions to the space station.

A passenger on an Axiom mission in early 2023 will be the winner of a reality TV show in development by a production company named Space Hero. Suffredini said the mission in early 2023 will likely be AX-4, Axiom’s fourth private astronaut flight to the station.

“We provide to Space Hero what we provide everybody,” Suffredini said. “We’ll train the individual they bring forward to us, and their backup if they have a backup. Then we’ll put them on the flight, and they will be one of our customers on that flight, which is early 2023.”

Axiom has not selected a transportation provider for the mission with the reality show winner. Suffredini said Axiom’s ambition is to eventually choose between SpaceX and Boeing for each private astronaut mission, providing a competitive market for Axiom and other astronaut flight services.

“I’ve been very appreciative of the fact that SpaceX has leaned forward, and has always been willing to work us and make these things happen. so I’m happy to be flying with them,” Suffredini said. “I’ve got no reason not to fly with them in the future. But with Boeing coming along, it’s good for us to know where Boeing is, and when they’re ready to fly commercially, then we’ll be ready to talk to them, and it will be about pricing and other things.”

So far, Axiom has confirmed the AX-1 mission in late 2021 will use SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft. The third flight in Axiom’s manifest, AX-3, will also “very probably” be a SpaceX flight, and Axiom is working out the details for AX-2 in 2022, Suffredini said.

“Boeing’s just not flying yet,” he said.

Axiom is “largely done” selling the three passenger seats for the AX-3 mission in 2022, Suffredini said. “We have one (private astronaut) confirmed on AX-2, but we have about five that are in conversations and are very serious.”

The first seat sold on the AX-4 mission will go to the winner of Space Hero’s reality TV show, he said.
« Ostatnia zmiana: Styczeń 27, 2021, 03:43 wysłana przez Orionid »

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Odp: [SFN] Axiom finalizing agreements for private astronaut mission
« Odpowiedź #3 dnia: Wrzesień 28, 2020, 06:17 »

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Odp: [SFN] Axiom finalizing agreements for private astronaut mission
« Odpowiedź #4 dnia: Wrzesień 28, 2020, 06:17 »
Axiom finalizing agreements for private astronaut mission to space station (2)

Axiom Space says it plans to attach multiple commercial modules to the International Space Station beginning in the latter half of 2024. Credit: Axiom Space

Fundraising “right on schedule” for Axiom’s planned commercial space station

Alongside its work arranging private astronaut missions, Axiom is developing a commercial habitat to be installed on the International Space Station. In January, NASA selected Axiom for a $140 million contract to provide a module for an open port on the station in a step toward development of a commercial replacement of the International Space Station.

While the initial agreement with NASA is for a single module, Axiom says it plans to build and launch several habitats to form the “Axiom Segment” of the International Space Station. The modules will expand the station’s capacity for scientific experiments, technology demonstrations, and other activities.

Suffredini said Axiom plans to develop two pressurized modules in partnership with Thales Alenia Space of Italy. Thales will construct the pressure shells for each module, then deliver the spacecraft to a new assembly facility Axiom plans to build in Houston, where engineers will outfit the modules for flight.

Axiom aims to launch the first two modules from the Kennedy Space Center to dock with the space station in 2024 and 2025.

An orbital research and manufacturing facility would then join the Axiom Segment at the ISS. According to Suffredini, Axiom plans to modify a former Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, or MPLM, in storage at the Kennedy Space Center to become the research and manufacturing center.

There were three Italian-made MPLMs built to carry cargo to the space station inside the space shuttle’s payload bay. One of the MPLMs, named Leonardo, was modified to become a permanent part of the station, and another module, named Donatello, was converted by Lockheed Martin into a testbed for future deep space habitat technologies.

The third MPLM, named Raffaello, flew on four shuttle flights and is now in storage at the Kennedy Space Center. Axiom has its eye on turning Raffaello into a core piece of the first private lab in space.

Suffredini said each module Axiom develops will have its own solar arrays, guidance systems, and thrusters. That eliminates the need to couple the pressurized elements with power and propulsion modules to ferry them to the International Space Station.

“We did that first to get rid of the need for a second stage (service module),” Suffredini said. “Second, because it gives us redundancy for thruster capability for the whole station as we build up. And third, as these modules get old — they’re designed for 30 years — we don’t have to worry about de-orbiting the whole station. We can throw away one module at a time and bring up a new one. So we can evolve our station indefinitely with that kind of design.”

The Raffaello module will be modified with rocket thrusters, fuel tanks, solar arrays, and a cooling system, Suffredini said.

Axiom’s vision is to detach the Axiom Segment from the International Space Station before its retirement, creating the first standalone commercial space station. Research currently conducted on the ISS could be transferred to the new commercial facility gradually to prevent interruptions after the ISS is retired, according to Axiom.

Suffredini said Axiom will soon close the first tranche of a Series B fundraising round to secure investments to begin building the commercial modules. That funding will allow Axiom to begin work on a new spacecraft assembly facility in Houston, he said.

“We’re moving along with fundraising,” Suffredini said. “That’s a critical part of being able to build this thing with private money.”

NASA’s $140 million contract with Axiom covers just a fraction of the cost of the company’s space station. And NASA is paying Axiom to demonstrate its capabilities. Funding to actually build the modules will come from other sources.

“Overall, the cost is $2.5 to $3 billion to build our whole space station, and the sum total of the contract we have with the government … is $140 million over five to seven years, depending on extensions,” Suffredini said.

“All the development money is coming from either revenue or investment, and we’re very proud of that. We’re right on schedule relative to investments. That’s a critical part of progress, and we like where we are.”

« Ostatnia zmiana: Styczeń 27, 2021, 03:43 wysłana przez Orionid »

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Odp: [SN] Axiom announces crew for first private ISS mission
« Odpowiedź #5 dnia: Styczeń 27, 2021, 03:45 »
Axiom announces crew for first private ISS mission
by Jeff Foust — January 26, 2021 [SN]

The four people who will fly to the International Space Station on Axiom Space's Ax-1 mission include (from left) commander Michael López-Alegría and passengers Mark Pathy, Larry Connor and Eytan Stibbe. Credit: Axiom Space

WASHINGTON — A commercial Crew Dragon mission to the International Space Station early next year chartered by Axiom Space will carry four private astronauts — but not a superstar actor.

Axiom Space revealed Jan. 26 the crew of its first mission to the ISS, called Ax-1 and scheduled for launch no earlier than January 2022. The flight is the first in a series planned by the company, which seeks to later add commercial modules to the ISS as a precursor to a stand-alone space station.

The Ax-1 mission will be commanded by Michael López-Alegría, a former NASA astronaut who now works for Axiom Space. Joining him will be three customers: Larry Connor, Mark Pathy and Eytan Stibbe, who will spend eight days on the station.

“We sought to put together a crew for this historic mission that had demonstrated a lifelong commitment to improving the lives of the people on Earth, and I’m glad to say we’ve done that with this group,” Michael Suffredini, president and chief executive of Axiom Space, said in a statement.

Connor is an American entrepreneur best known as managing partner of The Connor Group, a real estate investment firm, and is also a pilot and race car driver. Pathy is a Canadian who is chief executive of Mavrik, an investment firm, as well as serves as chairman of Stingray Group, a media and technology company. Stibbe is a former Israeli Air Force pilot who is now the founding partner of Vital Capital, an “impact investment” fund.

For the Ax-1 mission, Pathy and Stibbe will be designated mission specialists while Connor will be pilot. Axiom spokesperson Beau Holder said that, as pilot, Connor will get additional training on the operations of the spacecraft to support López-Alegría. Former NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson will back up López-Alegría, while another commercial astronaut, John Shoffner, will train as a backup.

Axiom did not disclose the price the three commercial astronauts paid to be on the Ax-1 mission, including whether there was any difference in price among them. Industry sources estimate the per-person price at around $55 million.

Stibbe’s inclusion on the crew was announced in November by the Israeli government, which intends to work with him on activities during the mission. He will be the second Israeli to go to space, after Ilan Ramon, who was part of the ill-fated STS-107 shuttle mission in 2003.

“The government will use his time in the space station to do scientific and engineering experiments as well as many educational programs,” Avi Blasberger, director of the Israeli Space Agency, said in remarks Jan. 26 at the 16th Ilan Ramon International Space Conference.

At a session later in the conference, Stibbe said he had heard about the opportunity to fly on the mission last year from another former NASA astronaut, Garrett Reisman. “When Garrett Reisman just threw the idea into the air six months ago, I said, ‘Why not?’ And here I am already, one year before takeoff,” he said.

There had been widespread speculation for months that the other two seats would be occupied by actor Tom Cruise and director Doug Liman. Entertainment media reported last year that Cruise and Liman were planning to film a movie on the station, and NASA confirmed it was working with Cruise on a movie project on the ISS of some kind. However, in recent months Cruise appeared focused on other film projects, and there had been few updates on the proposed movie.

Connor and Pathy, like Stibbe, said they will conduct research and educational activities while on the station. “That’s what I’m excited about,” Connor said in a statement. “It’s about doing things that can only be done in space: experiments in microgravity. It’s a unique way to help humankind.”

Those plans could help preempt criticism of the flight as merely tourism. Stibbe has already faced criticism in Israel since the November announcement, in part because of media reports that a significant source of his wealth came from arms sales.

When Axiom discussed plans for the mission last year, it anticipated flying it in October 2021, a date that has now slipped at least three months. Holder said that the schedule of flight opportunities to the ISS, which involves deconflicting schedules with other spacecraft visiting the station, caused the delay.

Axiom envisions Ax-1 as the first in a series, pending customer interest and NASA approvals, with the potential of flying two per year. NASA, as part of a low Earth orbit commercialization strategy announced in 2019, said it would allow up to two private astronaut missions to the station each year.

The Ax-1 crew has the potential to be the first private astronauts to go to the station since Guy Laliberté in 2009. He was the last in a series of private astronauts who flew with Space Adventures, buying extra seats on Soyuz missions.

However, two Soyuz missions could deliver private astronauts to the station before Ax-1. Roscosmos has discussed flying an actress on a Soyuz crew rotation flight in October 2021 as part of a proposal to film a movie on the station, an effort announced after reports of Cruise’s interest in shooting a movie there. The Russian space agency Roscosmos has not confirmed those plans.

Space Adventures announced in 2019 it would purchase a dedicated Soyuz flight to the ISS, carrying two customers and one professional astronaut, for a brief stay. That mission, Soyuz MS-20, is tentatively scheduled for launch in December, but neither Space Adventures nor Roscosmos has yet announced who will fly on that mission.


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NASA says demand for private ISS missions exceeds flight opportunities
by Jeff Foust — May 11, 2021 [SN]

NASA says that the ISS “traffic model” can support two private astronaut missions a year, and that demand for such missions exceeds that. Credit: NASA TV

WASHINGTON — NASA says it’s seeing strong interest from companies proposing private astronaut missions to the International Space Station, with the demand for such missions exceeding the agency’s ability to accommodate them.

NASA announced May 10 that it had finalized an agreement with Axiom Space for that company’s first crewed mission to the station, scheduled for launch no earlier than January 2022. The Ax-1 mission, announced in January, will fly three paying customers on a SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft commanded by former NASA astronaut Michael López-Alegría.


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NASA, Axiom sign agreements moving ahead with first commercial station visit
May 10, 2021 William Harwood [SFN]

A view of the Atlantic Ocean from the International Space Station. Credit: NASA

NASA and Houston-based Axiom Space have signed a “mission order” setting the stage for four civilians to visit to the International Space Station early next year, the first fully commercial flight to the orbiting lab complex, agency managers said Monday.

Axiom’s “AX-1” mission and an upcoming charity-driven flight to low-Earth orbit, both aboard SpaceX Crew Dragon capsules, represent “a renaissance in U.S. human spaceflight,” said Phil McAlister, NASA’s director of commercial spaceflight development.

Including the anticipated certification of Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner and upcoming sub-orbital flights by Blue Origin and Virgin Galactic, “I think that’s the perfect word for what we’re experiencing,” he said of the growing commercial space market. “This is a real inflection point, I think, with human spaceflight.”


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