Autor Wątek: Henry Warren Hartsfield, Jr. (1933-2014)  (Przeczytany 617 razy)

0 użytkowników i 1 Gość przegląda ten wątek.

Online Orionid

  • Weteran
  • *****
  • Wiadomości: 16392
  • Very easy - Harrison Schmitt
Henry Warren Hartsfield, Jr. (1933-2014)
« dnia: Lipiec 04, 2019, 14:07 »
37 lat temu  4 lipca 1982 roku Henry Warren Hartsfield pilotował  Columbię w czasie powrotu na Ziemię podczas jej ostatniego testowego lotu.







<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7vRhDmRTEmA" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7vRhDmRTEmA</a>
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7vRhDmRTEmA

Został później dowódcą pierwszego kosmicznego lotu Discovery oraz ostatniego udanego lotu Challengera, na którego pokładzie znalazła się rekordowo liczna załoga.







W tym miesiącu przypada też 5 rocznica jego śmierci.

Opis misji, w których brał udział:

STS-4 Columbia

'A Hundred Flights ... ': The Independence Day Mission of STS-4 (Part 1)
By Ben Evans, on July 5th, 2014
https://www.americaspace.com/2014/07/05/a-hundred-flights-the-independence-day-mission-of-sts-4-part-1/

'What's Tab November?': The Independence Day Mission of STS-4 (Part 2)
By Ben Evans, on July 6th, 2014
https://www.americaspace.com/2014/07/06/whats-tab-november-the-independence-day-mission-of-sts-4-part-2/

STS-41D Discovery

'Silent, Except for the Wind': 30 Years Since the Maiden Countdown of Discovery (Part 1)
By Ben Evans, on June 28th, 2014
https://www.americaspace.com/2014/06/28/silent-except-for-the-wind-30-years-since-the-maiden-countdown-of-discovery-part-1/

'Like Drowned Rats': 30 Years Since the Maiden Countdown of Discovery (Part 2)
By Ben Evans, on June 29th, 2014
https://www.americaspace.com/2014/06/29/like-drowned-rats-30-years-since-the-maiden-countdown-of-discovery-part-2/

STS-61A Challenger

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts-4.html

Artykuły astronautyczne

https://www.spaceflightinsider.com/space-flight-news/former-nasa-astronaut-hank-hartsfield-dies-medical-complications-following-surgery/
« Ostatnia zmiana: Lipiec 24, 2019, 22:54 wysłana przez mss »

Online Orionid

  • Weteran
  • *****
  • Wiadomości: 16392
  • Very easy - Harrison Schmitt
Odp: Henry Warren Hartsfield, Jr. 1933-2014
« Odpowiedź #1 dnia: Lipiec 04, 2019, 14:10 »
Zmarł Henry “Hank” Hartsfield
BY MICHAŁ MOROZ ON 23 LIPCA 2014


Henry "Hank" Hartsfield. Amerykański astronauta.

W wieku 80 lat zmarł jeden z pionierów programu wahadłowców. Henry “Hank” Hartsfield brał udział w trzech misjach w pierwszej połowie lat osiemdziesiątych.

W 1966 roku Hartsfield został wybrany do programu wojskowych stacji kosmicznych MOL. Kiedy projekt został przerwany, trafił do siódmej grupy astronautów NASA. Na pierwszy lot musiał jednak czekać ponad dekadę.

W 1982 był pilotem czwartej misji wahadłowca. Tygodniowy lot Columbii był ostatnim testem przed operacyjnymi lotami wahadłowców. Hartsfield dowodził pierwszym lotem Discovery. Misja STS-41-D wyniosła na orbitę trzy satelity, telekomunikacyjne SBS-D i Telstar 3C, oraz wojskowego LEASAT / SYNCOM2. Jego trzecim lotem był STS-61-A / D1. Była to pierwsza misja, gdzie eksperymenty w pełni zostały zaprojektowane przez Niemiecką Agencję Kosmiczną. W rekordowym, ośmioosobowym locie Challengera wzięło udział też trzech astronautów z Europy.

Hartsfield opuścił szeregi NASA w 1988 roku i rozpoczął pracę w koncernie Raytheon. Na emeryturę przeszedł w 2005 roku. Zmarł w wieku 80 lat po ciężkiej chorobie.

https://kosmonauta.net/2014/07/zmarl-henry-hank-hartsfield/

Online Orionid

  • Weteran
  • *****
  • Wiadomości: 16392
  • Very easy - Harrison Schmitt
Odp: Henry Warren Hartsfield, Jr. 1933-2014
« Odpowiedź #2 dnia: Lipiec 04, 2019, 14:23 »
NASA Astronaut Hank Hartsfield, Led First Flight of Space Shuttle Discovery, Dies at 80
July 18, 2014 RELEASE J14-005


Official NASA portrait of astronaut Henry W. Hartsfield, Jr. Image Credit: NASA

Former NASA astronaut Henry W. (Hank) Hartsfield Jr., who served as commander of space shuttle Discovery’s maiden mission and flew on three shuttle flights, died on July 17 after an illness. He was 80 years old.

After his final shuttle flight, Hartsfield served in a number of NASA administrative posts, including deputy chief of the astronaut office, deputy director for flight crew operations and director of the Technical Integration and Analysis Division at NASA Headquarters.

Next he became deputy manager for operations in the Space Station Operations Office at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Back at the Johnson Space Center in Houston he worked in the Space Station Freedom Program and later as manager of the International Space Station Independence Assessment Team.

He later became NASA’s director of independent assurance for Human Exploration and Development of Space.

Hartsfield was born Nov. 21, 1933, in Birmingham, Alabama. He graduated from West End High School in Birmingham and in 1954 earned a bachelor’s degree in physics from Auburn University. Hartsfield did his graduate work in physics at Duke University and studied astronautics at the Air Force Institute of Technology. He earned a master’s degree in engineering science from the University of Tennessee in 1971.

He received his commission through Auburn’s Reserve Officer Training Program before entering the Air Force in 1955. His assignments included a tour with the 53rd Tactical Fighter Squadron in Bitburg, Germany. He graduated from the Air Force Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., and later became an instructor there. He has more than 7,400 hours flying time. Of those more than 6,150 hours are jets. They include the F-86, F-100, F-104, F-105, F-106, T-33 and T-38.

In 1966 he was assigned to the Air Force Manned Orbiting Laboratory Program as an astronaut. After that program was cancelled in 1969, he joined NASA, where he was part of the astronaut support crew for Apollo 16 and the Skylab 2, 3 and 4 missions.

Hartsfield retired from the Air Force in 1977 as a colonel with more than 22 years of active service. He remained at NASA as a civilian astronaut. He helped develop the shuttle entry flight control system and its interfaces.

Hartsfield then served as backup pilot for STS-2 in 1981 and STS-3 in 1982, space shuttle Columbia's second and third orbital flight tests.

He was the pilot of Columbia on STS-4 in 1982, the final flight test of the shuttle program. He and mission commander Thomas K. Mattingly completed their weeklong mission on July 4 at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., where they were welcomed by President Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan among a crowd estimated at one million people that gathered in the Mojave Desert.

Hartsfield then commanded STS-41D, Discovery’s first flight on Aug. 30, 1984. The mission of just more than six days included the deployment of three communications satellites and a number of scientific experiments.

Hartsfield later commanded STS-61A, a flight aboard the shuttle Challenger that launched on Oct. 30, 1985. The mission featured the European-built Spacelab science module and the largest crew ever to fly on a shuttle mission --- eight people.

On his three flights, Hartsfield logged 483 hours in space.

Hartsfield’s numerous decorations and awards include the Air Force Meritorious Service Medal and the General Thomas D. White Space Trophy. He was inducted into the Alabama Aviation Hall of Fame in 1983. He received the Defense Department’s Distinguished Civilian Service Award in 1982. He received NASA’s Distinguished Service Medals in 1982 and 1988, NASA Space Flight Medals in 1982, 1984 and 1985 and NASA’s Exceptional Service Medal. He received an honorary Doctor of Science degree from Auburn University in 1986 and attained the Presidential Rank of Meritorious Executive in the Senior Executive Service in 1996.

He was inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame in 2006.

After his series of management jobs, Hartsfield retired from NASA and joined Raytheon Corp. in Houston. He retired from Raytheon in April 2005.

Nicole Cloutier-Lemasters
Johnson Space Center, Houston
https://www.nasa.gov/press/2014/july/nasa-astronaut-hank-hartsfield-led-first-flight-of-space-shuttle-discovery-dies-at/

Online Orionid

  • Weteran
  • *****
  • Wiadomości: 16392
  • Very easy - Harrison Schmitt
Odp: Henry Warren Hartsfield, Jr. 1933-2014
« Odpowiedź #3 dnia: Lipiec 04, 2019, 14:25 »
Astronaut Hank Hartsfield, led first flight of space shuttle Discovery, dies at 80


Astronaut Hank Hartsfield, STS-4 pilot, floats in space on the mid-deck of space shuttle Columbia in June 1982. Hartsfield died on July 17, 2014 due to complications from back surgery. (NASA)

July 17, 2014 – NASA astronaut Henry "Hank" Hartsfield, who in 1984 commanded the maiden mission of the space shuttle Discovery, died on Thursday (July 17). He was 80.

Hartsfield's death came as a result of complications from back surgery he had several months ago, according to his fellow astronaut and STS-41D crewmember Mike Mullane.

"Obviously, I have many, many memories of my time with Hank," Mullane wrote online on Thursday. "He was a great commander and pilot and I'll always feel honored to have been a member of his crew."

Hartsfield became a NASA astronaut in September 1969, just two months after the first moon landing. He waited 13 years to make his first spaceflight, serving as the pilot on shuttle Columbia's STS-4 mission, the fourth and final test flight of the winged orbiter program.

Launching on Columbia on June 27, 1982, Hartsfield and commander Thomas "Ken" Mattingly circled the Earth 112 times while performing experiments and operating a pair of classified missile launch-detection systems. Returning to Earth a week later on Independence Day, the STS-4 crew was greeted by then-President and First Lady Ronald and Nancy Reagan at Edwards Air Force Base in California.


President and First Lady Ronald and Nancy Reagan greet STS-4 crewmembers Hank Hartsfield (left) and Ken Mattingly after their landing at Edwards Air Force Base on July 4, 1982. (NASA)

The STS-4 mission was the last to be flown before NASA declared the space shuttle operational.

"'Operational,' to me, is a tough term to explain," Hartsfield told collectSPACE.com in a 2006 interview. "In my view, the whole time we were flying [the space shuttle] it was a test vehicle, although we called it operational. We used it and did a lot of great things [but it was not] operational by the way I look at it, having been a test pilot and looking at airplanes."

Hartsfield's second shuttle mission assignment came two years later as the commander Discovery's first flight, but the STS-41D mission set another first before ever leaving the launch pad.

Originally scheduled to lift off in June 1984, Hartsfield and his crew of five were just four seconds from launch when a faulty main engine forced the shuttle program's first-ever abort, followed by a hydrogen fire on the pad. It took two months to recover, but Discovery safely launched on Aug. 30 on a six-day flight to deploy communication satellites and conduct science.


Space shuttle Discovery launches on its maiden mission on Aug. 30, 1984 with Hank Hartsfield as STS-41D commander. (NASA)

During the mission, Hartsfield and his crewmates gained a nickname, the "Icebusters," after using the shuttle robotic arm to successfully knock off a hazardous ice buildup on the outside of the orbiter.

"We had to get rid of the icicle because if it stayed on there, the concern was that when we started entry [back into the Earth atmosphere] it was just about the right place to break off and then hit the [Orbital Maneuvering System] pod," Hartsfield explained in a 2001 NASA interview. "If you hit the OMS pod and broke those tiles... that's where the propellant is for the OMS engines, you know, and that is not a good thing to have happen."

"I operated the arm and broke the icicle off," he recalled. "We were really relieved to see that go away."

Hartsfield returned to orbit for his third and final flight as commander of Challenger's STS-61A mission in October 1985. In addition to being the first flight to be funded and directed by a foreign country (the former West Germany, overseeing the European-built Spacelab module mounted in Challenger's payload bay), the eight-member 61A crew set the record for the most astronauts to launch and land on the same spacecraft.


Hank Hartsfield aboard space shuttle Challenger in 1985. (NASA)

The seven-day flight conducted more than 75 experiments over the course of 112 orbits, marking the last time space shuttle Challenger would fly in space. The orbiter was lost in flight in January 1986.

With STS-61A's landing, Hartsfield had logged a total of 20 days, 2 hours and 50 minutes in space, having circled the Earth 321 times.

"I flew on Columbia, Challenger and Discovery," Hartsfield told collectSPACE.com in 2009. "I was fortunate to be the commander of the first flight of Discovery, and [it] turned out to be a pretty doggoned good bird."

Henry Warren Hartsfield, Jr. was born on Nov. 21, 1933 in Birmingham, Alabama. He earned his bachelor of science degree in physics at Auburn University in 1954, performed graduate work in physics and astronautics at the Air Force Institute of Technology and Duke University, and received his master of science degree in engineering science from the University of Tennessee in 1971.


Apollo-era portrait of astronaut Henry "Hank" Hartsfield. (NASA)

Hartsfield joined the Air Force in 1955 and graduated from the test pilot school at Edwards Air Force Base, where he was serving as an instructor when he was recruited as an astronaut trainee for the Manned Orbital Laboratory. The project would have seen Hartsfield fly to space onboard a Gemini spacecraft to work on a reconnaissance platform, had it not been canceled in 1969.

With the end of the MOL program, Hartsfield and six other trainees transferred to NASA's astronaut corps. Before his own three shuttle flights, Hartsfield served on the support crews for the fifth moon landing, Apollo 16 in April 1972, and for all three missions to the United States' first space station, Skylab, between May 1973 and February 1974.

Hartsfield retired from the Air Force in 1977 but continued at NASA well beyond his time flying in space. He served as the deputy chief of the astronaut office and the deputy director of flight crew operations at Johnson Space Center in Houston before holding management positions at NASA Headquarters in Washington, D.C. and at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.


Hank Hartsfield thanks the audience for its applause at the 2009 U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame induction ceremony. (NASA)

Before leaving NASA in 1998 to become an executive at the Raytheon Corp., Hartsfield helped set the ground work for the International Space Station, serving as the deputy manager of the space station projects office, among other positions related to the orbiting laboratory. He retired from Raytheon in 2005.

Awarded Air Force and NASA medals and the recipient of the 1973 Gen. Thomas D. White Space Trophy, Hartsfield was inducted into the Alabama Aviation Hall of Fame in 1983 and U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame in 2006. Hartsfield was bestowed an honorary doctor of science degree from his alma mater, Auburn University, in 1986.

Hartsfield is survived by his wife Judy Frances Massey, daughter Judy and two grandchildren. He was preceded in death by his daughter Keely, who worked as a contractor to the space shuttle program and died in March 2014.

http://www.collectspace.com/news/news-071714b-obituary-hank-hartsfield-astronaut.html

Polskie Forum Astronautyczne

Odp: Henry Warren Hartsfield, Jr. 1933-2014
« Odpowiedź #3 dnia: Lipiec 04, 2019, 14:25 »

Online Orionid

  • Weteran
  • *****
  • Wiadomości: 16392
  • Very easy - Harrison Schmitt
Odp: Henry Warren Hartsfield, Jr. 1933-2014
« Odpowiedź #4 dnia: Lipiec 04, 2019, 14:59 »
NASA Astronaut Hank Hartsfield, Led First Flight of Space Shuttle Discovery, Dies at 80
July 18, 2014 RELEASE J14-005


Official NASA portrait of astronaut Henry W. Hartsfield, Jr. Image Credit: NASA

Former NASA astronaut Henry W. (Hank) Hartsfield Jr., who served as commander of space shuttle Discovery’s maiden mission and flew on three shuttle flights, died on July 17 after an illness. He was 80 years old.

After his final shuttle flight, Hartsfield served in a number of NASA administrative posts, including deputy chief of the astronaut office, deputy director for flight crew operations and director of the Technical Integration and Analysis Division at NASA Headquarters.

Next he became deputy manager for operations in the Space Station Operations Office at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Back at the Johnson Space Center in Houston he worked in the Space Station Freedom Program and later as manager of the International Space Station Independence Assessment Team.

He later became NASA’s director of independent assurance for Human Exploration and Development of Space.

Hartsfield was born Nov. 21, 1933, in Birmingham, Alabama. He graduated from West End High School in Birmingham and in 1954 earned a bachelor’s degree in physics from Auburn University. Hartsfield did his graduate work in physics at Duke University and studied astronautics at the Air Force Institute of Technology. He earned a master’s degree in engineering science from the University of Tennessee in 1971.

He received his commission through Auburn’s Reserve Officer Training Program before entering the Air Force in 1955. His assignments included a tour with the 53rd Tactical Fighter Squadron in Bitburg, Germany. He graduated from the Air Force Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., and later became an instructor there. He has more than 7,400 hours flying time. Of those more than 6,150 hours are jets. They include the F-86, F-100, F-104, F-105, F-106, T-33 and T-38.

In 1966 he was assigned to the Air Force Manned Orbiting Laboratory Program as an astronaut. After that program was cancelled in 1969, he joined NASA, where he was part of the astronaut support crew for Apollo 16 and the Skylab 2, 3 and 4 missions.

Hartsfield retired from the Air Force in 1977 as a colonel with more than 22 years of active service. He remained at NASA as a civilian astronaut. He helped develop the shuttle entry flight control system and its interfaces.

Hartsfield then served as backup pilot for STS-2 in 1981 and STS-3 in 1982, space shuttle Columbia's second and third orbital flight tests.

He was the pilot of Columbia on STS-4 in 1982, the final flight test of the shuttle program. He and mission commander Thomas K. Mattingly completed their weeklong mission on July 4 at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., where they were welcomed by President Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan among a crowd estimated at one million people that gathered in the Mojave Desert.

Hartsfield then commanded STS-41D, Discovery’s first flight on Aug. 30, 1984. The mission of just more than six days included the deployment of three communications satellites and a number of scientific experiments.

Hartsfield later commanded STS-61A, a flight aboard the shuttle Challenger that launched on Oct. 30, 1985. The mission featured the European-built Spacelab science module and the largest crew ever to fly on a shuttle mission --- eight people.

On his three flights, Hartsfield logged 483 hours in space.

Hartsfield’s numerous decorations and awards include the Air Force Meritorious Service Medal and the General Thomas D. White Space Trophy. He was inducted into the Alabama Aviation Hall of Fame in 1983. He received the Defense Department’s Distinguished Civilian Service Award in 1982. He received NASA’s Distinguished Service Medals in 1982 and 1988, NASA Space Flight Medals in 1982, 1984 and 1985 and NASA’s Exceptional Service Medal. He received an honorary Doctor of Science degree from Auburn University in 1986 and attained the Presidential Rank of Meritorious Executive in the Senior Executive Service in 1996.

He was inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame in 2006.

After his series of management jobs, Hartsfield retired from NASA and joined Raytheon Corp. in Houston. He retired from Raytheon in April 2005.

Nicole Cloutier-Lemasters
Johnson Space Center, Houston
https://www.nasa.gov/press/2014/july/nasa-astronaut-hank-hartsfield-led-first-flight-of-space-shuttle-discovery-dies-at/

Polskie Forum Astronautyczne

Odp: Henry Warren Hartsfield, Jr. 1933-2014
« Odpowiedź #4 dnia: Lipiec 04, 2019, 14:59 »