Autor Wątek: Osobistości - wątek zbiorczy  (Przeczytany 2043 razy)

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Online Orionid

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Osobistości - wątek zbiorczy
« dnia: Styczeń 19, 2019, 15:54 »
Osobistości związane z kosmosem, którym poświęcone są osobne wątki:

Pozostałe osobistości:

Paweł Adamowicz 1965-2019
Wiktor Błagow 1939-2019
Jerrie Cobb 1931-2019
« Ostatnia zmiana: Kwiecień 22, 2019, 15:52 wysłana przez Orionid »

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« Odpowiedź #1 dnia: Styczeń 19, 2019, 15:55 »
Astronauci, którym zostały poświęcone wątki cz1:

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« Odpowiedź #2 dnia: Styczeń 19, 2019, 15:56 »
Astronauci, którym zostały poświęcone wątki cz2:

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« Odpowiedź #3 dnia: Styczeń 19, 2019, 15:56 »
Astronauci -nieloci, którym zostały poświęcone wątki:

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« Odpowiedź #4 dnia: Styczeń 19, 2019, 15:57 »
Paweł Adamowicz – wspomnienie
BY REDAKCJA ON 19 STYCZNIA 2019


Paweł Adamowicz na otwarciu siedziby Polskiej Agencji Kosmicznej w Gdańsku / Credits - K. Mystkowski – KFP

Dziewiętnastego stycznia pożegnano Pawła Adamowicza – prezydenta miasta Gdańsk.

Prezydent Paweł Adamowicz aktywnie wspierał lokalne inicjatywy związane z branżą kosmiczną i edukacją. Ponad dekadę temu, w 2008 roku, po wielu latach planowania i prac rewitalizacyjnych na Górze Gradowej uruchomiono Centrum Hewelianum (obecnie – Hewelianum), będące ośrodkiem edukacyjnym mającym przybliżyć zwiedzającym historię miasta oraz nauki ścisłe. W tym miejscu szczególny nacisk postawiono na astronomię, jako, że Centrum odziedziczyło nazwę po wybitnym astronomie działającym w Gdańsk – Janie Heweliuszu.

Pod koniec 2011 roku dzięki Morskiemu Klubowi Łączności „Szkuner” SP2ZIE mieszczącego się w Akademii Morskiej oraz Muzeum Historycznego Miasta Gdańska (MHMG), przy wsparciu Prezydenta Pawła Adamowicza i Urzędu Miasta, możliwe było zorganizowanie sesji komunikacyjnej z astronautami na pokładzie Międzynarodowej Stacji Kosmicznej. Ta sesja dzięki inicjatywie MHMG i poparciu ze strony władz Gdańska odbyła się w Dworze Artusa.

Kilka lat później, Paweł Adamowicz aktywnie wspierał również ulokowanie siedziby Polskiej Agencji Kosmicznej w Gdańsku (siedziba oficjalnie została otwarta w lipcu 2015). Był to mocny sygnał, że branża kosmiczna rozwija się także poza Warszawą i lokalnie także może rozwijać się ta branża przemysłu.

W ciągu następnych lat Prezydent Gdańska patronował lub aktywnie wspierał inicjatywy związane z branżą kosmiczną. Wsparcie otrzymały m.in. pierwsze edycje akceleratora dla spółek technologicznych Space3ac oraz inicjatywa założenia w Gdańsku jednego z ośrodków inkubacji biznesu Europejskiej Agencji Kosmicznej.

Ostatni patronat honorowy od Prezydenta Miasta Gdańska otrzymaliśmy na początku stycznia. Nasz zespół nie zdążył jednak szerzej poinformować o nadchodzącej konferencji.

Gdańsk jest dziś jednym z głównych ośrodków powstającego polskiego sektora kosmicznego. Oprócz wielu firm w tej branży (rozumianej szeroko – zarówno elementy satelitów czy rakiet, jak i wykorzystanie danych satelitarnych), aktywne są także jednostki akademickie oraz instytuty badawczo-rozwojowe. Ledwie dekadę temu sytuacja była diametralnie inna. Stało się to także dzięki wsparciu i zainteresowaniu Pawła Adamowicza.

Zespół redakcyjny Kosmonauta.net, który wywodzi się z Trójmiasta, pragnie złożyć kondolencje rodzinie i bliskim Prezydenta, wyrażając również nadzieję, że Gdańsk będzie mógł w przyszłości liczyć na osobę równie oddaną swojemu miastu.

https://kosmonauta.net/2019/01/pawel-adamowicz-wspomnienie/#prettyPhoto

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« Odpowiedź #5 dnia: Styczeń 19, 2019, 16:10 »
W 33. urodziny Pawła Adamowicza  Międzynarodowa Stacja Kosmiczna  została na stałe zamieszkana.
Dla Gdańska , dla Polski pozostanie postacią niezapomnianą i mam nadzieję , że Paweł Adamowicz zostanie  upamiętniony także  w wymiarze wybiegającym poza zasięg ziemskiej atmosfery.



« Ostatnia zmiana: Styczeń 19, 2019, 18:29 wysłana przez Orionid »

Offline kanarkusmaximus

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« Odpowiedź #6 dnia: Styczeń 19, 2019, 17:44 »
Dzięki! Naprawdę dobry pomysł z tym zbiorczym wątkiem Orionidzie! :)

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« Odpowiedź #7 dnia: Styczeń 19, 2019, 18:36 »
Zastanawiam się tylko , czy  lista ma być alfabetyczna  , czy chronologiczna.

Offline kanarkusmaximus

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« Odpowiedź #8 dnia: Styczeń 19, 2019, 18:38 »
Zastanawiam się tylko , czy  lista ma być alfabetyczna  , czy chronologiczna.

Wydaje mi się, że chronologiczna. Najwyżej stworzymy później alfabetyczną. ;)

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« Odpowiedź #9 dnia: Styczeń 21, 2019, 09:12 »
Paweł Adamowicz – wspomnienie

Tak wczoraj Gdańszczanie pożegnali swojego prezydenta:

https://video.wp.pl/i,swiatelko-do-nieba-dla-pawla-adamowicza,mid,2031745,cid,4051,klip.html

 :'(

edit - przycięcie cytowanego tekstu
« Ostatnia zmiana: Styczeń 22, 2019, 14:33 wysłana przez kanarkusmaximus »

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« Odpowiedź #10 dnia: Kwiecień 09, 2019, 21:47 »
Odszedł człowiek zasłużony dla radzieckiej kosmonautyki
9 kwietnia 2019

Zmarł Wiktor Błagow, konstruktor radzieckich załogowych statków kosmicznych Wostok, jeden z dowódców lotów radzieckiej stacji kosmicznej Salut i stacji orbitalnej Mir, aktywny uczestnik programów współpracy z USA w kosmosie prowadzonych z agencją NASA.

O śmierci Błagowa poinformowały w poniedziałek 8 kwietnia po południu zakłady Energija, w których Błagow pracował od 1959 roku. "Całe życie poświęcił kosmonautyce. Etapy jego życia to etapy rozwoju branży kosmicznej” – napisano we wspomnieniu na stronie internetowej koncernu.

Błagow urodził się 3 stycznia 1936 roku. Ukończył Moskiewski Instytut Lotniczy. Najpierw pracował w zakładach Energija jako inżynier. W kolejnych latach brał udział w projektowaniu statków Wostok, czyli serii pierwszych radzieckich jednoosobowych statków kosmicznych. Były one wynoszone na orbitę okołoziemską w latach 1961-63 za pomocą rakiety nośnej Wostok. W 1961 roku w Wostoku 1, jako pierwszy człowiek poleciał w przestrzeń kosmiczną Jurij Gagarin. Później m.in. w Wostoku 6 dokonała w 1963 roku lotu kosmicznego pierwsza kobieta w kosmosie – Walentina Tierieszkowa.

Błagow uczestniczył także w projektowaniu późniejszych statków Woschod, które – powstając jako modyfikacja Wostoków – były pierwszymi wieloosobowymi załogowymi statkami kosmicznymi. Dwa statki tej serii wykonały loty w kosmos w 1964 i 1965 roku. W 1975 roku Błagow uczestniczył w przeprowadzeniu pierwszego załogowego lotu kosmicznego realizowanego wspólnie przez ZSRR i USA, czyli w programie Sojuz-Apollo.

Później konstruktor brał udział w kolejnych wspólnych programach z NASA, takich jak Shuttle-Mir. W ramach tego programu kosmonauci z ZSRR latali na radziecką stację kosmiczną Mir amerykańskimi wahadłowcami, a Amerykanie udawali się tam na pokładzie rosyjskich pojazdów kosmicznych Sojuz.

Błagow był jednym z głównych specjalistów w zakresie planowania i kierowania lotami załogowymi i wychował kolejne pokolenia dowódców takich lotów, wykonywanych już na Międzynarodową Stację Kosmiczną (ISS) na pokładach współczesnych statków kosmicznych.

W ostatnich latach Błagow uczestniczył w pracach pomocniczych i koordynacji naukowej programów ISS.

W sylwetce Błagowa, którą znaleźć można na stronie internetowej amerykańskiej NASA, w rozdziale o programie Shuttle-Mir, amerykańska agencja cytuje jego słowa o tym, że ludzkość potrzebuje czegoś, co jednoczyłoby ludzi. "Ważne jest, byśmy robili coś, co przyniesie korzyść wszystkim, a nie walczyli przeciwko sobie w wojnach. Wojny są zbyt kosztowne i nie możemy już sobie na nie pozwolić. Znacznie mądrzej jest wydać pieniądze robiąc coś takiego, jak Międzynarodowa Stacja Kosmiczna. Politycy nie będą mieli okazji do podejmowania błędnych decyzji” – mówił Błagow.
https://www.space24.pl/odszedl-czlowiek-zasluzony-dla-radzieckiej-kosmonautyki


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« Odpowiedź #11 dnia: Kwiecień 09, 2019, 21:47 »
Ушел из жизни Виктор Дмитриевич Благов
08.04.2019 22:46



Виктор Дмитриевич пришёл в РКК «Энергия» в 1959 году после окончания МАИ. Прошёл трудовой путь от инженера до заместителя руководителя отделения — начальника отдела. Он участвовал в проектировании транспортных пилотируемых космических кораблей «Восток», «Восход», в подготовке и проведении первого совместного международного полёта космических кораблей «Союз-19» и «Аполлон».

Виктор Дмитриевич Благов был одним из руководителей полетов орбитальных космических станций «Салют» и орбитального комплекса «Мир», принимал активное участие в совместных работах с американским космическим агентством NASA по программам «Мир—Шаттл» и «Мир—NASA».

Виктор Дмитриевич один из основателей научной школы «Планирование и оперативное управление пилотируемыми космическими полётами». Он воспитал несколько поколений высококлассных специалистов, обеспечивающих управление полётами уже современных космических кораблей и Международной космической станции.

В последние годы Виктор Дмитриевич Благов осуществлял научно-техническую координацию и сопровождение работ по программе Международной космической станции, готовил предложения по совершенствованию методов и технологий управления полётами изделий, разрабатываемых на предприятии.

За плодотворную трудовую деятельность и высокий профессионализм Виктор Дмитриевич Благов награждён орденом «Знак Почета», орденом Трудового Красного Знамени, удостоен Государственной премии и почётного звания «Заслуженный машиностроитель Российской Федерации», отмечен многочисленными наградами Роскосмоса и РКК «Энергия».

Генеральный директор Госкорпорации «Роскосмос» Дмитрий Рогозин и все сотрудники ракетно-космической отрасли выражают соболезнования родным, близким и коллегам Виктора Дмитриевича в связи с его кончиной.
https://www.roscosmos.ru/26263/
https://www.energia.ru/ru/news/news-2019/news_04-08.html
http://www.collectspace.com/ubb/Forum38/HTML/002230.html
« Ostatnia zmiana: Kwiecień 09, 2019, 21:54 wysłana przez Orionid »

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« Odpowiedź #12 dnia: Kwiecień 22, 2019, 15:49 »
Jerrie Cobb, 'Mercury 13' pilot (1931-2019)

Geraldyn M. "Jerrie" Cobb, a record-setting aviator and a member of the so-called "Mercury 13" women astronaut test subjects, died on March 18, 2019.

In this 1963 interview, Cobb spoke about the need to send women to space.

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DRUQOETsEk0" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DRUQOETsEk0</a>
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DRUQOETsEk0

Her family issued the following statement:

When Geraldyn M. Cobb was born on March 5, 1931 in Norman, Oklahoma, no one would have imagined the heights to which she was destined to soar. She was one of the most accomplished and honored women in aviation history, a pioneer of and lifelong advocate for women pilots in the space program, and a passionate humanitarian to indigenous tribes in the Amazon Jungle.

The second of two daughters to Lt. Col. William "Harvey" Cobb & Helena Stone Cobb, she was raised in a happy home where faith and education were valued. It would serve her well. Known to all as "Jerrie," she was shy and humble, with her signature blonde ponytail and eyes as blue as the sky.

Jerrie first took the stick of her father's open cockpit Waco biplane at the age of 12, using a stack of pillows to see out and some blocks to reach the rudder pedals. It was love at first flight; the first step in a remarkable journey that would forge a place in history.

She was a natural. She passed her private pilot's test at age 16, earned her commercial pilot's license at age 18, and received her flight and ground instructor certificates one year later. Bitten by the aviation bug, Jerrie worked many jobs to earn money for flying lessons: odd jobs at airports, dropping circus leaflets from the air, crop dusting, waiting tables, and playing on a professional women's softball team, a job she would later revisit to save money to buy her first airplane.

While teaching flying in Oklahoma in 1952, Jerrie applied to a start-up commercial airline that was hiring DC-3 co-pilots who would be willing to fly for experience only. They agreed to interview her if she came to Miami at her own expense. Spending the last of her earnings she drove to non-stop to Miami, only to be rejected when they saw she was a woman. With no money to return home, she landed a clerical job at Miami International Airport. One day she overheard the owner of Fleetway International saying that he needed pilots to deliver surplus military planes to foreign governments around the world. It was a great opportunity for Jerrie to perfect her craft and gain experience in all kinds of aircraft. As she spoke up, he rebuffed her as a "girl wanna be pilot." Saying nothing, she handed him her log book with over 3,000 hours of flying time. The next day she ferried her first military plane to Peru, opening her heart to the people of the Amazon.

In 1959, while NASA was busy testing and selecting their all male astronaut corps, Jerrie was busy earning a world record for speed, having earned world records for altitude and distance in 1957. She would later earn a fourth world record, in 1960, for altitude.

Fast becoming a popular public figure, Jerrie's life as an aviation pioneer was well on it's way. Jerrie was the first woman to fly in the Paris Air Show, one of the first female aviation executives, and the fourth American awarded Gold Wings of the Federacion Aeronautique International. With over 7,000 hours of flying time and her rapidly growing list of accomplishments, the world took note of her remarkable career. Jerrie was honored with the Amelia Earhart Gold Medal of Achievement, the Amelia Earhart Memorial Award and Woman of the Year in Aviation. An award Jerrie was particularly honored by was Pilot of the Year, because it was given by both male and female pilots.

With NASA building the space program and the space race officially in full swing, everyone in America was dreaming about flying into space, and Jerrie was no exception. Dr. Randolph Lovelace was about to change history, and open the door of possibility for what he hoped would be the first female astronaut.

At age 28, Jerrie was chosen as the first woman to enter into astronaut testing in a privately funded and then secret program at the Lovelace Foundation in Albuquerque, run by Dr. Lovelace. This was same program in which NASA's first Astronauts – eventually known as the Mercury 7 - were tested and Astronaut John Glenn would later refer to as "...most trying."

But it was not a problem for Jerrie. She aced the tests; in the end, scoring in the top 2% of all who had been tested – including the women and NASA's new corps of male astronauts. As Jerrie completed the third and final phase of testing, 12 remaining women were about to enter that final phase. These female aviators, later dubbed "The Mercury 13," were fully expecting to find a place in line with the men for flights in space.

But it was not to be. The plug was pulled on the program two days before phase three testing was to begin at the US Naval School of Aviation, leaving Jerrie as the only woman to pass the astronaut testing. The women were given no information as to who cancelled the program or why.

Jerrie was undeterred in her quest for equal consideration of women pilots in the space program. NASA's requirements to become an astronaut, by default, excluded women. They required jet test pilot experience (only available in the military), impossible for women since women were not allowed as military pilots. In 1962, a Congressional Special Subcommittee Hearing on the Selection of Astronauts regarding the disqualification of women astronaut candidates was held.

At that time, Jerrie Cobb told lawmakers, "...we women pilots who want to be part of the research and participation in space exploration are not trying to join a battle of the sexes. As pilots, we fly and share mutual respect with male pilots in the primarily man's world of aviation. We very well know how to live together in our profession. We see, only, a place in our Nation's space future without discrimination. ... There are sound medical and scientific reasons for using women in space."

The opposing view was voiced by NASA astronaut John Glenn, basking in the afterglow of his heroic orbital space flight a few months prior. "I think this gets back to the way our social order is organized, really. It is just a fact. The men go off and fight the wars and design the airplanes and come back and help design and build and test them. The fact that women are not in this field is a matter of our social order. It may be undesirable."

After the hearings failed to change the policy to open the door for female pilots in the space program, Jerrie charted a new course. Keeping her faith in the forefront of her life, she decided to give herself to her fellow citizens of the world in one of the most remote parts of our globe, the Amazon Jungle. In what would perhaps become her greatest contribution to humanity, she flew dangerous humanitarian aid missions serving the indigenous people of the Amazon, discovering tribes of Indians never before known to man and helping them sustain life. Even in the Amazon she faced gender discrimination in trying to fly for humanitarian aid groups.

But this time she prevailed. The government of Ecuador honored her for her work in pioneering new air routes over the Andes Mountains and Amazon Jungle. She was honored by the governments of Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru for her humanitarian aid work. Jerrie received the Bishop Wright Air Industry Award for "Humanitarian Contributions to Modern Aviation." She was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1981.

In 1998, NASA decided to allow John Glenn, then 78, to fly a second spaceflight, ostensibly for medical research for the aging. News of his impending shuttle mission prompted Fresno State University professor Don Dorough to organize, and the National Organization for Women to support, a grass roots campaign to allow Jerrie to fly on a similar research mission.

The campaign took off with The Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation, The Ninety-Nines, scores of other organizations, and school children and teachers from across the country joining in. Many US Senators and Representatives gave their support.

On July 28 and 29, 1998 in Washington, DC, Jerrie met privately with the Associate Administrator for NASA, First Lady Hillary Clinton, and ten US Senators and Representatives to advocate for her spaceflight. She also secured a 15 minute meeting with John Glenn whom she had not seen since that fateful congressional hearing thirty-six years earlier.

The meeting was cordial and respectful but profoundly disappointing to Jerrie. Jerrie congratulated Senator Glenn on his shuttle mission. She asked Glenn if he would consider supporting her for a medical research mission for women. Senator Glenn stood up and wished her well in her endeavors, with no mention of his support. It was a cordial and respectful farewell on both parts. Jerrie commented afterward that she still "considers him a friend and wishes him well."

But there were many others in Jerrie's corner. Indeed, a full blown media and grass roots campaign continued for Jerrie with news stories spreading virtually all over the world.

On September 8, 1998, Jerrie met with then NASA Administrator Dan Goldin. He told her there were no plans to send up a second senior citizen for geriatric research. But two weeks later in a reversal of his position, he announced publicly that NASA would consider a second research mission – if all went well with the Glenn mission - admitting that there was no one more qualified and deserving than Jerrie.

And when John Glenn launched, Jerrie was there with a big smile to cheer him on - surrounded by reporters determined to help her cause. But NASA never called, and Jerrie returned to her missionary work in the Amazon.

Jerrie always remained a steadfast advocate for female aviators. When Eileen Collins sat on the launch pad as NASA's first female shuttle commander in July of 1999, thirty-seven years had passed since the congressional hearings failed to allow women pilots as astronauts. Jerrie along with other members of the Mercury 13, and several female aviation pioneers were there in the VIP seats, personally invited by Eileen Collins. It was a bittersweet milestone on the long road to equality for women in aviation. Collins believes it would not have happened without the skill, courage and tenacity of Jerrie and her generation of female aviators.

Jerrie continued her missionary work in the Amazon until recent years. Always humbled by her honors, Jerrie was enshrined in the National Aviation Hall of Fame and the recipient of The Harmon Trophy. She was a proud Oklahoman who cherished several recognitions by her home state. In 2007, Jerrie and the Mercury 13 were presented Honorary Degrees of Doctor of Science by The University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh.

Jerrie authored two books about her life: "Woman Into Space" (with Jane Rieker) and "Jerrie Cobb, Solo Pilot.""

After living sixty-six adventure filled years as a pilot and advocate for female pilots, and sharing over fifty years of her life with the indigenous Indian tribes of the Amazon, Jerrie's humble smile and sky-blue eyes live on in our hearts. It is fitting that Jerrie was born in, and would leave us in, Woman's History Month. Jerrie Cobb passed away peacefully on March 18, 2019 in Florida.

Whenever we look to the heavens, we will see those sky-blue eyes and be reminded of her humble smile, deep compassion and steely determination.

Via con Dios, Jerrie!

http://www.collectspace.com/ubb/Forum38/HTML/002232.html

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« Odpowiedź #13 dnia: Kwiecień 22, 2019, 15:49 »
Jerrie Cobb dies at 88; denied a trip to space, she was first female astronaut candidate
By MARCIA DUNN APR 19, 2019 | 9:45 AM


Jerrie Cobb in 1961 with a display of rockets at a national space conference in Tulsa, Okla. (Associated Press)

America's first female astronaut candidate, pilot Jerrie Cobb, who pushed for equality in space but never reached its heights, has died at her home in Florida.

Cobb died March 18 following a brief illness, said Miles O'Brien, a family spokesman. She was 88.

In 1961, Cobb became the first woman to pass NASA’s astronaut screening process. Altogether, 13 women passed the arduous physical testing regimen and became known as the Mercury 13. But NASA already had its Mercury 7 astronauts, all jet test pilots and all military men, and none of the Mercury 13 ever reached space, which left Cobb bitter.

"We seek, only, a place in our nation's space future without discrimination," she later told a special House subcommittee on the selection of astronauts.

Instead of making her an astronaut, NASA tapped her as a consultant to promote the space program. But she was dismissed after commenting: "I'm the most unconsulted consultant in any government agency."

My country, my culture, was not ready to allow a woman to fly in space.

     JERRIE COBB

She wrote in her 1997 autobiography "Jerrie Cobb, Solo Pilot," that she was held back because she was a woman.

''My country, my culture, was not ready to allow a woman to fly in space," she wrote.

Cobb served for decades as a pilot delivering humanitarian aid in the Amazon jungle.

"She should have gone to space, but turned her life into one of service with grace," tweeted Ellen Stofan, director of the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum and a former NASA scientist.

The Soviet Union launched the first woman into space in 1963: Valentina Tereshkova. NASA didn't send a woman into orbit until 1983, when Sally Ride flew in the space shuttle.

Cobb and other surviving members of the Mercury 13 attended the 1995 shuttle launch of Eileen Collins, NASA's first female space pilot and later its first female space commander.

"Jerrie Cobb served as an inspiration to many of our members in her record breaking, her desire to go into space, and just to prove that women could do what men could do," said Laura Ohrenberg, of the Ninety-Nines Inc., an international organization of licensed women pilots.

Still hopeful, Cobb emerged in 1998 to make another pitch for space as NASA prepared to launch Mercury 7 astronaut John Glenn — the first American to orbit the Earth — on shuttle Discovery at the age of 77.

Cobb, who was then in her late 60s, maintained that the geriatric space study should also include an older woman.

"I would give my life to fly in space, I really would," Cobb said in 1998. "It's hard for me to talk about it, but I would. I would then, and I will now."

"It just didn't work out then, and I just hope and pray it will now," she added.

It didn't. NASA hasn’t flown another senior citizen in space, male or female, since.

Geraldyn Cobb was born on March 5, 1931, in Norman, Okla., the second daughter of a military pilot and his wife. She flew her father's open cockpit Waco biplane at age 12 and got her private pilot's license four years later.

The Mercury 13's story is told in a recent Netflix documentary and a play based on Cobb's life, "They Promised Her the Moon," is currently running at the Old Globe theater in San Diego.

In her autobiography, Cobb described how she danced on the wings of her plane in the Amazon moonlight, when learning via radio on July 20, 1969, that Apollo 11's Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin had landed on the moon.

"Yes, I wish I were on the moon with my fellow pilots, exploring another celestial body,” she wrote. “How I would love to see our beautiful blue planet Earth floating in the blackness of space. And see the stars and galaxies in their true brilliance, without the filter of our atmosphere. But I'm happy flying here in Amazonas, serving my brethren. 'Contenta, Senor, contenta.' (I am happy, Lord, happy.)"

Dunn writes for the Associated Press

https://www.latimes.com/local/obituaries/la-me-jerrie-cobb-female-astroanut-dead-20190419-story.html

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Jerrie Cobb, one of the most gifted female pilots in history, has died
ERIC BERGER - 4/18/2019, 3:53 PM

"We see, only, a place in our Nation’s space future without discrimination."

Geraldyn “Jerrie” M. Cobb, a noted aviation pioneer and fierce advocate for women flying into space, died March 18 at her home in Florida, her family has revealed. She was 88.

Cobb is perhaps most well-known for her participation in what became known as the "Mercury 13," a group of 13 women who passed preliminary screening processes in 1960 and 1961 to determine their suitability as astronauts under the guidance of Dr. Randolph Lovelace. Cobb scored in the top 2 percent of all who had taken the battery of tests for candidates previously, including both women and men.

However, the privately funded effort was not officially sanctioned by NASA. A Netflix documentary about the experience, released in 2018, offered a clear verdict for why women were excluded from NASA in the space agency's early days—"good old-fashioned prejudice," as one of the participants said.

But Cobb's life was more than just this experience. Born on March 5, 1931 in Norman, Oklahoma, Cobb passed her private pilot’s test at age 16 and earned a commercial pilot’s license at age 18. As there were few opportunities for women pilots in the post-war era, she worked odd jobs that allowed her to keep up her flying habit, including dropping circus leaflets from the air, crop dusting, waiting tables, and playing on a professional women’s softball team.

In the 1950s, Cobb attempted to set several records for air speed, altitude, and distance; became the first woman to fly in the Paris Air Show; and was just the fourth American awarded Gold Wings of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale.

After the Mercury 13 incident, Congress began investigating why NASA decided not to fly women who had similar qualifications to the men carrying out the Mercury flight program. Cobb was among those called to speak, giving compelling testimony in an attempt to open NASA's early spaceflight programs to women.

During a special subcommittee hearing in 1962, Cobb told lawmakers, “We women pilots who want to be part of the research and participation in space exploration are not trying to join a battle of the sexes. As pilots, we fly and share mutual respect with male pilots in the primarily man’s world of aviation. We very well know how to live together in our profession. We see, only, a place in our Nation’s space future without discrimination."

She maintained this belief throughout her life. When John Glenn flew into space in 1998 at the age of 78 and for the purposes of geriatric research, Cobb said NASA should send a second person into space for the same purpose—a woman, and why not her. But despite her meeting with Glenn and NASA Administrator Dan Goldin at the time, the agency never flew another such mission.

Eventually, women would break through at NASA with the advent of the space shuttle program. In 1983, Sally Ride became the first American woman to fly in space. And when Eileen Collins became NASA’s first female shuttle commander in July 1999, Cobb joined other members of the Mercury 13 at the launch, in VIP seats, at the invitation of Collins. The shuttle commander attributed her place, in part, to the advocacy of Cobb and others.

The space agency has gradually become more diverse and, most recently, of its last two astronaut classes (2013 and 2017), nine of the 20 astronaut candidates were women. And in 2017, Peggy Whitson, who has flown into space three times, broke the record for most time spent in space by a US astronaut, with a cumulative total of 665 days in orbit aboard the International Space Station. On Wednesday, NASA announced that another woman, Christina Koch, would spend nearly a year in space. Cobb may have passed away, but her legacy lives on in orbit today.

Update: This story was changed to reflect the actual date of Cobb passed away, March 18.

https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/04/jerrie-cobb-an-aviation-pioneer-and-advocate-for-women-in-space-has-died/